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Kazakh (an aa Qazaq an variants[4], natively Qazaq tili, Қазақ тілі, قازاق ٴتىلى‎; pronoonced [qɑzɑq tˈlə]) is a Turkic leid closely relatit tae Kyrgyz an Karakalpak.

қазақша or қазақ тілі
قازاقشا‎ or قازاق تئلئ
qazaqsha or qazaq tili
Pronunciation [qɑzɑqˈɕɑ]
[qɑˈzɑq tɪˈlɪ]
Native tae Kazakhstan, Cheenae, Roushie, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan
Region Central Asie
Ethnicity Kazakhs
Native speakers
11.7 million[1] (2009)
21 million
Kazakh alphabets (Laitin, Cyrillic script, Arabic script, Kazakh Braille)
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in



Regulatit bi Kazakh leid agency
Leid codes
ISO 639-1 kk
ISO 639-2 kaz
ISO 639-3 kaz
Glottolog kaza1248[3]
Linguasphere 44-AAB-cc
Idioma kazajo.png
The Kazakh-speakin warld:
  regions whaur Kazakh is the leid o the majority
  regions whaur Kazakh is the leid o a signeeficant minority
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Kazakh is an agglutinative leid, an it employs vowel harmony.

Geographic distributionEedit

The Kazakh leid haes its speakers (mainly Kazakhs) spread ower a vast territory frae the Tian Shan muntains tae the Ural muntains. Kazakh is the offeecial state leid o Kazakhstan, in which nearly 10 million speakers are reportit tae live (based on the CIA Warld Factbuik's estimates for population an percentage o Kazakh speakers). Mair than a million speakers reside in Cheenae's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. The 2002 Roushie Census reportit 560,000 Kazakh speakers in Roushie. Ither sizable populations o Kazakh speakers live in Mongolie (fewer than 200,000). Lairge numbers exist elsewhaur in Central Asie (maistly in Uzbekistan) an the umwhile Soviet Union, an in Afghanistan an ither kintras. Thare are an aa some Kazakh speakers in Germany who immigratit frae Turkey in the 1970s.


  1. "Results of the 2009 national population census of the Republic of Kazakhstan" (PDF). The agency on statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan (in Inglis). Retrieved 1 November 2017. .
  2. "Нормативные правовые акты субъектов Российской Федерации" [Normative legal acts of the subjects of the Russian Federation] (in Roushie). Министе́рство юсти́ции Росси́йской Федера́ции. December 19, 2013. Archived frae the oreeginal on September 25, 2015. Retrieved February 19, 2016. 
  3. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Kazakh". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. The maist common Inglis spellin, Kazakh, is frae the Roushie name, Казах.