Kazakh (an aa Qazaq an variants[4], natively Qazaq tili, Қазақ тілі, قازاق ٴتىلى‎; pronoonced [qɑzɑq tˈlə]) is a Turkic leid closely relatit tae Kyrgyz an Karakalpak.

қазақша or қазақ тілі
قازاقشا‎ or قازاق تئلئ
qazaqsha or qazaq tili
[qɑˈzɑq tɪˈlɪ]
Native taeKazakhstan, Cheenae, Roushie, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan
RegionCentral Asie
Native speakers
11.7 million[1] (2009)
21 million
Kazakh alphabets (Laitin, Cyrillic script, Arabic script, Kazakh Braille)
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in


Regulatit biKazakh leid agency
Leid codes
ISO 639-1kk
ISO 639-2kaz
ISO 639-3kaz
The Kazakh-speakin warld:
  regions whaur Kazakh is the leid o the majority
  regions whaur Kazakh is the leid o a signeeficant minority
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Kazakh is an agglutinative leid, an it employs vowel harmony.

Geographic distribution eedit

The Kazakh leid haes its speakers (mainly Kazakhs) spread ower a vast territory frae the Tian Shan muntains tae the Ural muntains. Kazakh is the offeecial state leid o Kazakhstan, in which nearly 10 million speakers are reportit tae live (based on the CIA Warld Factbuik's estimates for population an percentage o Kazakh speakers). Mair nor a million speakers reside in Cheenae's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. The 2002 Roushie Census reportit 560,000 Kazakh speakers in Roushie. Ither sizable populations o Kazakh speakers live in Mongolie (fewer than 200,000). Lairge numbers exist elsewhaur in Central Asie (maistly in Uzbekistan) an the umwhile Soviet Union, an in Afghanistan an ither kintras. Thare are an aa some Kazakh speakers in Germany who immigratit frae Turkey in the 1970s.

References eedit

  1. "Results of the 2009 national population census of the Republic of Kazakhstan" (PDF). The agency on statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan (in Inglis). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2017..
  2. "Нормативные правовые акты субъектов Российской Федерации" [Normative legal acts of the subjects of the Russian Federation] (in Roushien). Министе́рство юсти́ции Росси́йской Федера́ции. 19 December 2013. Archived frae the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 19 Februar 2016. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help)
  3. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Kazakh". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
  4. The maist common Inglis spellin, Kazakh, is frae the Roushie name, Казах.