John Bardeen (/bɑːrˈdn/; Mey 23, 1908 – Januar 30, 1991)[3] wis an American pheesicist an electrical ingineer, the anly person tae hae wan the Nobel Prize in Pheesics twace: first in 1956 wi William Shockley an Walter Brattain for the invention o the transistor; an again in 1972 wi Leon N Cooper an John Robert Schrieffer for a fundamental theory o conventional superconductivity kent as the BCS theory.[2][6]

John Bardeen
Born23 Mey 1908(1908-05-23)
Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.
Dee'd30 Januar 1991(1991-01-30) (aged 82)
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
ResidenceUnitit States
Alma materVarsity o Wisconsin–Madison (B.S., 1928)
Princeton Varsity (Ph.D., 1936)
Kent for
Hauf-marrae(s)Jane Maxwell (m. 1938–1991)
Scientific career
InstitutionsBell Telephone Laboratories
Varsity o Illinois
ThesisQuantum Theory of the Work Function (1936)
Doctoral advisorEugene Wigner[4]
Doctoral students


  1. "Elizabeth Greytak, Systems Analyst". Boston: The Boston Globe. 25 December 2000. Archived frae the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  2. a b Bardeen Biography from the Nobel Foundation
  3. a b Pippard, B. (1994). "John Bardeen. 23 May 1908–30 January 1991". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 39: 20–11. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1994.0002.
  4. a b c d John Bardeen at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  5. "Nice Guys Can Finish As Geniuses at University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign". Chicago Tribune: Knight Ridder News Service. 25 Januar 2003. Retrieved 3 August 2007.
  6. Hoddeson, Lillian and Vicki Daitch. True Genius: the Life and Science of John Bardeen. National Academy Press, 2002. ISBN 0-309-08408-3