Eugene Paul "E. P." Wigner (Hungarian: Wigner Jenő Pál; November 17, 1902 – Januar 1, 1995), wis a Hungarian-American theoretical pheesicist, ingineer an mathematician. He received hauf o the Nobel Prize in Pheesics in 1963 "for his contreibutions tae the theory o the atomic nucleus an the elementary pairticles, pairteecularly throu the discovery an application o fundamental symmetry principles".[1] His brither-in-law wis Paul Dirac, whose wife wis Wigner's sister.[2]

Nobel prize medal.svg

Eugene Wigner
BornEugene Paul Wigner
17 November 1902(1902-11-17)
Budapest, Austrick-Hungary
Died1 Januar 1995(1995-01-01) (aged 92)
Princeton, New Jersey, US
CitizenshipAmerican (post-1937)
Hungarian (pre-1937)
Alma materTechnical Varsity o Berlin
Kent forBargmann–Wigner equations
Law o conservation o parity
Wigner D-matrix
Wigner–Eckart theorem
Wigner's friend
Wigner semicircle distribution
Wigner's clessification
Wigner distribution function
Wigner quasi-probability distribution
Wigner crystal
Wigner effect
Wigner energy
Wigner lattice
Relativistic Breit–Wigner distribution
Modified Wigner distribution function
Wigner–d'Espagnat inequality
Gabor–Wigner transform
Wigner's theorem
Jordan–Wigner transformation
Newton–Wigner localisation
Wigner-Inonu contraction
Wigner–Seitz cell
Wigner–Seitz radius
Thomas-Wigner rotation
Wigner–Weyl transform
Wigner-Wilkins Spectra
6-j seembol
9-j seembol
Hauf-marrae(s)Amelia Frank (1936–1937; her daith)
Mary Annette Wheeler (1941–1977; her daith; 2 bairns)
Eileen Clare-Patton Hamilton (1 bairn) (died November 21, 2010)
AwairdsMedal for Merit (1946)
Franklin Medal (1950)
Enrico Fermi Awaird (1958)
Atoms for Peace Awaird (1959)
Max Planck Medal (1961)
Nobel Prize in Pheesics (1963)
Naitional Medal o Science (1969)
Albert Einstein Awaird (1972)
Wigner Medal (1978)
Scientific career
FieldsTheoretical pheesics
Atomic pheesics
Nuclear pheesics
Solit-state pheesics
InstitutionsVarsity o Göttingen
Varsity o Wisconsin–Madison
Princeton Varsity
Manhattan Project
Doctoral advisorMichael Polanyi
Other academic advisorsLászló Rátz
Richard Becker
Doctoral studentsJohn Bardeen
Victor Frederick Weisskopf
Marcos Moshinsky
Abner Shimony
Edwin Thompson Jaynes
Frederick Seitz
Conyers Herring
Frederick Tappert
J O Hirschfelder
SignaturEugene wigner sig.jpg


  1. "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1963". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved May 19, 2015.
  2. George Gamow, Thirty Years That Shook Physics (1985 Dover Publications paperback reprint o a beuk first publisht in 1966 bi Doubleday), pp. 120-121: "Several years later Dirac married 'Wigner's sister,' so called because she was the sister of the noted Hungarian theoretical physicist Eugene Wigner."