Greenland (Greenlandic: Kalaallit Nunaat, meanin "Laund o the Greenlanders"; Dens: Grønland) is an autonomous kintra athin the Kinrick o Denmark locatit atween the Airctic an Atlantic Oceans, east o the Canadian Airctic Archipelago. Tho physiographical an ethnically an Airctic island kintra an geographically a pairt o the continent o North Americae, politically an historically Greenland is associatit wi Europe, in parteecular Iceland, Norawa, an Denmark. In 1979, Denmark grantit hame rule tae Greenland, wi a relationship describit bi the Rigsfællesskabet, an in 2008 Greenland votit tae acome a separate kintra athin the Kinrick o Denmark, effective Juin 2009. Greenland is, bi scowth, the warld's lairgest island that is no a continent in its ain richt.


Kalaallit Nunaat  (Greenlandic)
Grønland  (Dens)
Nunarput utoqqarsuanngoravit
Ye Oor Auncient Laund
Nuna asiilasooq[a]
The Laund o Great Lenth
Location of Greenland
Location of Greenland
Location o the Kinrick o Denmark consistin o Greenland, the Faroe Islands (circled) an Denmark
Location o the Kinrick o Denmark consistin o Greenland, the Faroe Islands (circled) an Denmark
and largest city
64°10′N 51°44′W / 64.167°N 51.733°W / 64.167; -51.733
Offeecial leidsGreenlandic[a]
Ither leidsDens[a]
Ethnic groups
Kirk o Denmark
  • Greenlander
  • Greenlandic
Sovereign state Kinrick o Denmark
GovrenmentDevolved govrenment within pairlamentar constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Frederick X
Julie Præst Wilche
• Premier
Múte Bourup Egede
Mimi Karlsen
Autonomy within the Kinrick o Denmark
11th century
• Contact re-established (Dano-Norse colonies)
14 Januar 1814
• Amt status
5 Juin 1953
• Hame rule
1 Mey 1979
• Further autonomy and self rule
21 June 2009[3][4]
• Total
2,166,086 km2 (836,330 sq mi)
• Water (%)
• Estimate
56,483 (14 September 2016)[5]
• Density
0.028/km2 (0.1/sq mi) (last)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
11.6 billion kr.($1.8 billion)[6] (n/a)
• Per capita
$37,000 (n/a)
HDI (2010)Increase 0.786[7]
heich · 61st
CurrencyDens krone (DKK)
Time zoneUTC+0 to −4
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Drivin sidericht
Cawin code+299
ISO 3166 codeGL
  1. ^ Greenlandic haes been the sole offeecial leid o Greenland syne 2009.[3][8]
  2. ^ Dens influence reached Greenland in 1380 wi the ring o Olav IV in Norawa, son o Haakon VI o Norawa an Margaret I o Denmark.
  3. ^ Awtho previously unner Dens monarchy for fower hunder years, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, an Iceland war formally Norse possessions till 1814.
  4. ^ As o 2000:
    410,449 km2 (158,475 sq mi) ice-free;
    1,755,637 km2 (677,855 sq mi) ice-kivered.
    Density: 0.14/km2 (0.36 /sq. mi) for ice-free auries.
Territorial Organization


  1. Nuna asiilasooq haes equal status as a naitional anthem but is generally uised anly on the sel-govrenment o Greenland.[1]


  1. "Not one but two national anthems". Govrenment o Greenland. Retrieved 7 October 2003.
  2. "Greenland". CIA World Factbook. Archived frae the original on 9 Mey 2020. Retrieved 9 Februar 2018.
  3. a b (in Dens) TV 2 Nyhederne – "Grønland går over til selvstyre" Archived 2023-08-09 at the Wayback Machine TV 2 Nyhederne (TV 2 News) – Ved overgangen til selvstyre, er grønlandsk nu det officielle sprog. Retrieved 22 Januar 2012.
  4. "Self-rule introduced in Greenland". BBC News. 21 Juin 2009. Retrieved 4 Mey 2010.
  5. "Grønlands Statistik".
  6. Greenland in Figures 2013 (PDF). Statistics Greenland. ISBN 978-87-986787-7-9. ISSN 1602-5709. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  7. Avakov, Aleksandr Vladimirovich (2012). Quality of Life, Balance of Powers, and Nuclear Weapons (2012): A Statistical Yearbook for Statesmen and Citizens. Algora Publishing. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-87586-892-9.
  8. (in Dens) Law of Greenlandic Selfrule (see chaipter 7)