Erdenet (Mongolie: Эрдэнэт literally "gem), is the seicont-lairgest ceety in Mongolie an the caipital o the aimag (province) o Orkhon.

Erdenet

Чойр
Ceety
Ceety o Erdenet
View o Erdenet
View o Erdenet
Erdenet is locatit in Mongolia
Erdenet
Erdenet
Location in Mongolie
Coordinates: 49°01′40″N 104°02′40″E / 49.02778°N 104.04444°E / 49.02778; 104.04444
KintraFlag of Mongolia.svg Mongolie
ProvinceOrkhon
SumBayan-Öndör
Population
 (2008)
 • Tot86,866
Time zoneUTC+8

Locatit in the northren pairt o the kintra, it lies in a valley atween the Selenge an Orkhon rivers aboot 150 miles (240 km) (as the crow flies) northwast o Ulan Bator, the caipital. The road lenth atween Ulan Bator an Erdenet is aboot 230 miles (371 km).

PopulationEedit

Erdenet population [1][2][3][4][5][6]
1975
est.
1979
census
1981
est.
1985
est.
1989
census
1994
est.
2000
census
2003
est.
2004
est.
2005
est.
2006
est.
2007
est.
2008
est.
4,100 31,900 38,700 45,400 56,100 63,000 68,310 78,882 80,858 81,249 83,160 85,121 86,866

HistoryEedit

Erdenet, ane o the youngest settlements in Mongolie, wis foondit in 1974[7] in an aurie whaur lairge deposits o copper haed been discovered in the 1950s. A single-track railwey line wi a lenth o 75 miles (120 km) linkin Erdenet tae the Transmongolian Railway wis inauguratit in 1977[8]. In the middle o the 1980s, mair nor 50% o the indwallers wur Roushies wirkin as ingineers or miners. Efter the faw o communism in 1990, housomeivver, maist o them left Erdenet. The day aboot 10% are Roushies. A comparatively heich percentage o indwallers jynt the Kirk o Jesus Christ o Latter Day Saunts who biggit a kirk in the wastren pairt o the ceety[7] .

Views on ErdenetEedit

Erdenet Mining CorporationEedit

Erdenet mines 22.23 million tons o ore per year, producin 126,700 tons o copper an 1954 tons o molybdenum.[9] The mine accoonts for 13.5% o Mongolie's GDP an 7% o tax revenue.[10]

Sister ceetiesEedit

Erdenet is twinned wi:[11]

Ceety Region Kintra
Fairbanks   Alaska   Unitit States
Ulan-Ude   Buryatie   Roushie
Székesfehérvár   Fejér Coonty   Hungary

ReferencesEedit

  1. National Statistical Office
  2. National Economy of the Mongolian People's Republic (1921 - 1981), Ulaanbaatar 1981
  3. , GeoHive: Global Statistics
  4. Population Statistics: historical demography
  5. Mongolia City Development Strategies for Secondary Cities
  6. Statistical Report 2008
  7. 7.0 7.1 Michael Kohn: Mongolia, p. 142, London 2008
  8. Werner Elstner: Mongolei, p. 146, Berlin 1993
  9. Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, Foreign Service Office of Montsame News Agency, ISBN 9992906278, p. 80
  10. Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, Foreign Service Office of Montsame News Agency, ISBN 9992906278, p. 83
  11. Chris Freiberg (2008-03-30). "Sister-city program brings Mongolian delegation to Fairbanks". newsminer.com. Retrieved 2010-01-09.

Freemit airtinsEedit