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Córdoba (Spaingie pronunciation: [ˈkorðoβa]; an aw Cordova)(Arabic: قرطبة : Qurtuba‎) is a ceety in Andalusie, soothren Spain, an the caipital o the province o Córdoba. An Iberian an Roman ceety in auncient times. An aa in the Middle Ages it wis caipital o an Islamic caliphate.

Córdoba
View o the Roman brig an the ceety o Córdoba
View o the Roman brig an the ceety o Córdoba
Banner o Córdoba
Banner
Coat o airms o Córdoba
Coat o airms
Córdoba is locatit in Andalusia
Córdoba
Córdoba
Location in Andalusia
Coordinates: 37°53′0″N 4°46′0″W / 37.88333°N 4.76667°W / 37.88333; -4.76667Coordinates: 37°53′0″N 4°46′0″W / 37.88333°N 4.76667°W / 37.88333; -4.76667
Kintra Spain
Autonomous commonty Andalusie
ProvinceCórdoba
ComarcaCórdoba
Judicial destrictCórdoba
Foondit169 BC (Roman colony)
Govrenment
 • TeepMayor-cooncil govrenment
 • BodiAyuntamiento de Córdoba
 • MayorJosé Antonio Nieto Ballesteros (PP)
Area
 • Total1,255.24 km2 (484.65 sq mi)
Elevation
120 m (390 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Tot330,033
 • Density260/km2 (680/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Cordobés/sa, cordobense, cortubí, patriciense
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
14001–14014
Offeecial leid(s)Spainyie
WabsteidOffeecial wabsteid

The auld toun contains mony impressive airchitectural reminders o whan Corduba, the caipital o Hispania Ulterior durin the Roman Republic an caipital o Hispania Baetica durin the Roman Empire; an Qurṭuba (قرطبة) the caipital o the Caliphate o Córdoba, govrened amaist aw o the Iberie peninsulae.

It haes been estimatit that in the 10t century an beginnin o the 11t century, Córdoba wis the maist populous ceety in the warld,[1][2] durin thir centuries became the intellectual centre o Europe.[3] The day is a moderately-sized modren ceety, its population in 2011 wis 330,033.[4]

GeographyEedit

The ceety is locatit on the banks o the Guadalquivir river, an its easy access tae the minin resoorces o the Sierra Morena (coal, lead, zinc) satisfies the population’s needs.

The ceety is locatit in a depression o the valley o the Guadalquivir. In the north is the Sierra Morena, which defines the borders o the municipal aurie.

Córdoba is ane o the few ceeties in the warld that haes a near-exact antipodal ceety – Hamilton, New Zealand.

TransportEedit

The ceety is connectit bi hie speed trains tae the main Spainyie ceeties: Madrid, Barcelona, Seville, Málaga an Zaragoza. Mair than 20 trains per day connect the dountoun aurie, in 54 minutes, wi Málaga María Zambrano station, which provides interchynge capability tae destinations alang the Costa del Sol, includin Málaga Airport.

Twin touns – sister ceetiesEedit

Córdoba is twinned wi:[5]

ReferencesEedit

  1. "10th Century Timeline: 901 to 1000". Fsmitha.com. Retrieved 7 January 2011. 
  2. "geography.about.com". Geography.about.com. 16 June 2010. Retrieved 7 January 2011. 
  3. "Spain: 500 to 1200 CE". Fsmitha.com. Retrieved 7 January 2011. 
  4. "Instituto Nacional de Estadística. (Spanish Statistical Institute)". Ine.es. Retrieved 7 January 2011. 
  5. "Hermanamientos". Ayuncordoba.es. Retrieved 7 January 2011.