Agra (i//; Hindi: आगरा Āgrā, Urdu: آگره), the umwhile caipital o Hindustan, is a ceety on the banks o the river Yamuna in the northren state o Uttar Pradesh, Indie. It is 363 kilometre (226 mi) wast o the state caipital, Lucknow, an 200 kilometre (124 mi) sooth o the naitional caipital New Delhi. Wi a population o 1,686,976 (2010 est.), it is ane o the maist populous ceeties in Uttar Pradesh an the 19t maist populous in Indie. Agra can refer tae the admeenistrative destrict an aw that haes its heidquairters in Agra ceety.
The Taj Mahal in Agra
|• Metropolitan Ceety||1880.40 km2 (726.03 sq mi)|
|Elevation||171 m (561 ft)|
|• Metropolitan Ceety||1,746,467 |
|• Density||8,954/km2 (23,190/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
The ceety is mentioned in the epic Mahābhārata, whaur it wis cried Agrevaṇa ("the border o the forest"). Legend ascribes the foondin o the ceety tae Raja Badal Singh, a Sikarwar Rajput king (c. 1475), whose fort, Badalgarh, stuid on or near the steid o the present fort. Housomeivver, the 11t century Persie poet Mas'ūd Sa'd Salmān writes o a desperate assault on the fortress o Agra, then held bi the Shāhī King Jayapala, bi Sultan Mahmud o Ghazni. Sultan Sikandar Lodī wis the first tae muive his caipital frae Delhi tae Agra in 1506. He dee'd in 1517 an his son, Ibrāhīm Lodī, remained in pouer thare for nine mair years, feenally bein defeatit at the Battle o Panipat in 1526. Atween 1540 an 1556, Afghans, beginnin wi Sher Shah Suri, an Hindu King Hem Chandra Vikramaditya (cried Hemu an aw), ruled the aurie. It achievit fame as the caipital o the Mughal Empire frae 1556 tae 1658. It is a major tourist destination acause o its mony splendid Mughal-era biggins, maist notably the Tāj Mahal, Agra Fort an Fatehpūr Sikrī, aw three o which are UNESCO Warld Heritage Steids.
- World Gazetteer online India: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". Accessed 25 March 2010.
- Williams, Monier. "Sanskrit-English Dictionary". Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries. Cologne University. Retrieved 8 November 2009.
- "Agra District profile". Official Website of Agra maintained by National Informatics Centre (NIC) of the Government of India. Retrieved 8 November 2009.
- "Agra Fort". Archaeological Survey of India. Archived frae the original on 3 December 2009. Retrieved 8 November 2009. Unknown parameter
|deadurl=ignored (help)"Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 3 December 2009. Retrieved 6 September 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)