Warmie-Masurie Voivodeship

Warmie-Masurie Voivodeship, or Warmie-Masurie Province[1] (in Pols: Województwo warmińsko-mazurskie, [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ varˈmiɲskɔ maˈzurskʲɛ]), is a voivodeship (province) in northeastren Poland. Its caipital an lairgest ceety is Olsztyn. The voivodeship haes a aurie o 24,192 km2 (9,341 sq mi) an a population o 1,427,091 (as o 2006).

Warmie-Masurie Voivodeship

Województwo warmińsko-mazurskie
Banner o Warmie-Masurie Voivodeship
Banner
Coat o airms o Warmie-Masurie Voivodeship
Coat o airms
Location athin Poland
Location athin Poland
Diveesion intae coonties
Diveesion intae coonties
Coordinates (Olsztyn): 53°47′N 20°30′E / 53.783°N 20.500°E / 53.783; 20.500
Kintra Poland
CaipitalOlsztyn
Coonties
Aurie
 • Total24,191.8 km2 (9,340.5 sq mi)
Population
 (2006)
 • Total1,427,091
 • Density59/km2 (150/sq mi)
 • Urban
856,559
 • Rural
570,532
Caur platesN
WabsteidOffeecial Voivodeship's wabsteid
  • further dividit intae 116 gminas
Neo-baroque Ceety Haw in Iława
Iława war monument

The Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship wis creatit on 1 Januar, 1999, oot o the umwhile Olsztyn Voivodeship an pairts o Suwałki an Elbląg Voivodeships, pursuant tae the Pols local govrenment reforms adoptit in 1998. The province's name derives frae twa historic regions, Warmie an Masurie.

The province borders the Podlaskie Voivodeship tae the east, the Masovie Voivodeship tae the sooth, the Kuyavie-Pomeranie Voivodeship tae the sooth-wast, the Pomeranie Voivodeship tae the wast, the Vistula Lagoon tae the northwast, an the Kaliningrad Oblast (an exclave o Roushie) tae the north. The region contains the soothren pairt o East Proushie, which Poland teuk ower frae Germany in 1945, while the Soviet Union teuk ower the northren pairt, the present Kaliningrad Oblast.

The Warmie-Masurie Voivodeship haes the lairgest nummer o ethnic Ukrainians livin in Poland[2] due tae forcit relocations (such as Operation Vistula) carriet oot bi the Soviet an Pols Communist authorities.

Ceeties an tounsEedit

The voivodeship contains 49 ceeties an touns. These are leetit belaw in descendin order o population (accordin tae offeecial figurs for 2006):[3]

    1. Olsztyn (176,522)
    2. Elbląg (127,055)
    3. Ełk (56,156)
    4. Ostróda (33,419)
    5. Iława (32,326)
    6. Giżycko (29,667)
    7. Kętrzyn (28,000)
    8. Szczytno (25,680)
    9. Bartoszyce (25,423)
    10. Mrągowo (21,772)
    11. Działdowo (20,824)
    12. Pisz (19,332)
    13. Braniewo (17,875)
    14. Lidzbark Warmiński (16,390)
    15. Olecko (16,169)
    16. Nidzica (14,761)
    17. Morąg (14,497)
      1. Gołdap (13,641)
      2. Pasłęk (12,179)
      3. Węgorzewo (11,638)
      4. Nowe Miasto Lubawskie (11,036)
      5. Dobre Miasto (10,489)
      6. Biskupiec (10,348)
      7. Orneta (9,380)
      8. Lubawa (9,328)
      9. Lidzbark (8,261)
      10. Olsztynek (7,591)
      11. Barczewo (7,401)
      12. Orzysz (5,804)
      13. Susz (5,610)
      14. Reszel (5,098)
      15. Ruciane-Nida (4,894)
      16. Korsze (4,632)
      17. Górowo Iławeckie (4,554)
        1. Biała Piska (4,006)
        2. Mikołajki (3,848)
        3. Jeziorany (3,376)
        4. Ryn (3,006)
        5. Pieniężno (2,915)
        6. Tolkmicko (2,731)
        7. Miłakowo (2,665)
        8. Pasym (2,550)
        9. Frombork (2,529)
        10. Bisztynek (2,493)
        11. Miłomłyn (2,305)
        12. Kisielice (2,208)
        13. Zalewo (2,152)
        14. Sępopol (2,015)
        15. Młynary (1,837)

        Admeenistrative diveesionEedit

        Warmie-Masurie Voivodeship is dividit intae 21 coonties (powiats): 2 ceety coonties an 19 land coonties. These are further dividit intae 116 gminas.

        The coonties are leetit in the follaein table (orderin athin categories is bi decreasin population).

        Scots an
        Pols names
        Aurie
        (km²)
        Population
        (2006)
        Seat Other towns Total
        gminas
        Ceety coonties
        Olsztyn 88 176,522 1
        Elbląg 80 127,055 1
        Land coonties
        Olsztyn Coonty
        powiat olsztyński
        2,840 113,529 Olsztyn * Dobre Miasto, Biskupiec, Olsztynek, Barczewo, Jeziorany 12
        Ostróda Coonty
        powiat ostródzki
        1,765 105,286 Ostróda Morąg, Miłakowo, Miłomłyn 9
        Iława Coonty
        powiat iławski
        1,385 89,960 Iława Lubawa, Susz, Kisielice, Zalewo 7
        Ełk Coonty
        powiat ełcki
        1,112 84,760 Ełk 5
        Szczytno Coonty
        powiat szczycieński
        1,933 69,289 Szczytno Pasym 8
        Kętrzyn Coonty
        powiat kętrzyński
        1,213 66,165 Kętrzyn Reszel, Korsze 6
        Działdowo Coonty
        powiat działdowski
        953 65,110 Działdowo Lidzbark 6
        Bartoszyce Coonty
        powiat bartoszycki
        1,309 61,354 Bartoszyce Górowo Iławeckie, Bisztynek, Sępopol 6
        Pisz Coonty
        powiat piski
        1,776 57,553 Pisz Orzysz, Ruciane-Nida, Biała Piska 4
        Giżycko Coonty
        powiat giżycki
        1,119 56,863 Giżycko Ryn 6
        Elbląg Coonty
        powiat elbląski
        1,431 56,412 Elbląg * Pasłęk, Tolkmicko, Młynary 9
        Mrągowo Coonty
        powiat mrągowski
        1,065 50,087 Mrągowo Mikołajki 5
        Braniewo Coonty
        powiat braniewski
        1,205 43,781 Braniewo Pieniężno, Frombork 7
        Nowe Miasto Coonty
        powiat nowomiejski
        695 43,388 Nowe Miasto Lubawskie 5
        Lidzbark Coonty
        powiat lidzbarski
        924 43,006 Lidzbark Warmiński Orneta 5
        Olecko Coonty
        powiat olecki
        874 34,215 Olecko 4
        Nidzica Coonty
        powiat nidzicki
        961 33,955 Nidzica 4
        Gołdap Coonty
        powiat gołdapski
        772 26,989 Gołdap 3
        Węgorzewo Coonty
        powiat węgorzewski
        693 23,641 Węgorzewo 3
        * seat not part of the county

        Protectit auriesEedit

        Protected auries in Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship include aicht auries designatit as Landscape Parks, as leetit belaw:

        The Łuknajno Lake natur reserve (pairt o Masurian Landscape Pairk) is a protectit wetland steid unner the Ramsar convention, as well as being designatit bi UNESCO as a biosphere reserve.

        ReferencesEedit

        1. Arkadiusz Belczyk,Tłumaczenie polskich nazw geograficznych na język angielski [Translation of Polish Geographical Names into English], 2002-2006.
        2. (in Pols) Mniejszości narodowe i etniczne w Polsce on the pages of Polish Ministry of Internal Affairs and Administration. Retrieved on 9 September 2007
        3. Stat.gov.pl

        Freemit airtinsEedit