Sultanate o Rum
The Sultanate o Rum or Seljuk Sultanate o Rum (Persie: سلجوقیان روم, Saljūqiyān-i Rūm, Modren Turkis: Anadolu Selçuklu Devleti or Rum Sultanlığı) wis a medieval Turko-Persian, Sunni Muslim state in Anatolie. It existit frae 1077 tae 1307, wi caipitals first at İznik an then at Konya. Syne the court o the sultanate wis heichly mobile, ceities lik Kayseri an Sivas an aa functioned at times as caipitals. At its hicht, the sultanate stretched athort central Anatolie, frae the shoreline o Antalya an Alanya on the Mediterranean coast tae the territory o Sinop on the Black Sea. In the east, the sultanate absorbed ither Turkis states an reached Loch Van. Its wastrenmaist leemit wis near Denizli an the gates o the Aegean basin.
Sultanate o Seljuq
Expansion o the Sultanate in c.1100-1240.
|Common leids||Persian (offeecial & leeteratur)|
Auld Anatolian Turkish
|1243||400,000 km2 (150,000 sq mi)|
- Grousset, Rene, The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia, (Rutgers University Press, 2002), 157; "...the Seljuk court at Konya adopted Persian as its official language.".
- Bernard Lewis, Istanbul and the Civilization of the Ottoman Empire, (University of Oklahoma Press, 1963), 29; "The literature of Seljuk Anatolia was almost entirely in Persian...".
- Encyclopedia Britannica: "Modern Turkish is the descendant of Ottoman Turkish and its predecessor, so-called Old Anatolian Turkish, which was introduced into Anatolia by the Seljuq Turks in the late 11th century ad." 
- Bernard Lewis, Istanbul and the Civilization of the Ottoman Empire, 29; "Even when the land of Rum became politically independent, it remained a colonial extension of Turco-Persian culture which had its centers in Iran and Central Asia","The literature of Seljuk Anatolia was almost entirely in Persian...".
- Institutionalisation of Science in the Medreses of pre-Ottoman and Ottoman Turkey, Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, Turkish Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science, ed. Gürol Irzik, Güven Güzeldere, (Springer, 2005), 266.