Sonia Gandhi (Aboot this soondpronunciation ; born Edvige Antonia Albina Màino,[4][5][6] 9 December 1946) is an Italian-born Indie politeecian, wha haes served as Preses o the Indie Naitional Congress pairty 1998 - 2017.[5] She is the weedae o umwhile Prime Meenister o Indie, Rajiv Gandhi wha belanged tae the Nehru–Gandhi faimily. Efter her husband's assassination in 1991, she wis invitit bi Congress leaders tae tak ower the govrenment but she refuised an publicly stayed awey frae politics amidst constant proddin frae the pairty.[7] She finally agreed tae jyn politics in 1997; in 1998, she wis electit Preses o the Congress pairty.[5]

Sonia Gandhi

Chairperson o the Naitional Advisory Cooncil
In office
29 Mairch 2010 – 25 Mey 2014
In office
4 Juin 2004 – 23 Mairch 2006
Chairperson of the Unitit Progressive Alliance
Assumed office
16 Mey 2004
Preses o the Indie Naitional Congress
In office
14 Mairch 1998 – 17 December 2017
Precedit biSitaram Kesri
Leader o the Opposeetion Lok sabha
In office
19 Mairch 1998 – 22 Mey 2004
Precedit biSharad Pawar
Succeedit biL. K. Advani
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
for Rae Bareli
Assumed office
17 May 2004
Precedit biSatish Sharma
Member o Pairlament, Lok Sabha
for Amethi
In office
10 October 1999 – 17 Mey 2004
Precedit biSanjay Singh
Succeedit biRahul Gandhi
Personal details
BornSonia Màino
(1946-12-09) 9 December 1946 (age 77)
Lusiana, Veneto, Italy
Poleetical pairtyIndie Naitional Congress
Spoose(s)Rajiv Gandhi (1969–1991; his daith)
RelationsNehru–Gandhi faimily
Residence10 Janpath, New Delhi
Alma materBell Eddicational Trust
ReligionRoman Catholicism[1][2][3]


  1. "Profile: Sonia Gandhi". BBC News.
  2. "By stressing Hindu values Sonia Gandhi enhances personal acceptability and Congress appeal : NATION - India Today".
  3. N. I. Sarkar. Sonia Gandhi: Tryst with India.
  4. Sonia Gandhi Archived 29 Apryle 2015 at the Wayback Machine. Britannica. Retrieved on 9 December 2011.
  5. a b c "Sonia Gandhi Biography". Retrieved 24 Mey 2014.
  6. Paranjoy Guha Thakurta, Shankar Raghuraman (2007). Divided we stand: India in a time of coalitions. Los Angeles : SAGE Publications, 2007. p. 148. ISBN 978-0-7619-3663-3.
  7. "ASSASSINATION IN INDIA; Sonia Gandhi Declines Invitation To Assume Husband's Party Post". The New York Times. 24 Mey 1991. Retrieved 25 Mey 2014.