The River Nith (Scots Gaelic: Abhainn Nid; Laitin: Novius) is a river in soothwast Scotland. The Nith rises in the Carsphairn Hills o East Ayrshire, mair preceese atween Prickeny Hill an Enoch Hill, 4.4 mile east o Dawmellinton. For maist o its coorse it flowes in a soothlins direction throu Dumfries an Gallowa an syne intil the Solway Firth at Airds Pynt.
|Main source||Enoch Hill|
|River mooth||Solway Firth|
|Basin size||1,230 km2 (470 sq mi)|
|Lenth||71 mi (114 km)|
The laund that the river flowes throu is cawed Nithsdale (historical kent as "Stranit" fae the Scots Gaelic Strath Nin ("dale o the Nith").
For estuarys the principle follaed is that the river shoud be veesible at aw times. The meisurment tharefore follaes the centre o the river at law tide and the mooth o the river is assume't tae be at the coastal heigh tide merk. In Scotland this daesna general mak a signeeficant difference, except for rivers soukin intae shallae slopin saunds o the Sheuch an Solway Firth, like the Nith. At law tide, the sea ebbs tae sic an extent that the lenth o the Nith is eikit bi 8 mile tae 70.7 mile, makkin it Scotland's seivent langest river.
The estuary o the River Nith is an international important winter feedin site for waders, geese, an ither watterfowl, an is for this raison pertectit at an international level as a pairt o the Upper Solway Flats and Marshes Ramsar Site an Speicial Pertection Aurie. The SPA uphauds virtual the enteer Svalbard population o claik guiss durin the winter.
The aurie forms an aw a pairt o the Solway Firth Speicial Aurie o Conservin, that is pertectit acause o the praisence o several priority habitats, an as weel as populations o sea lamper eel (Petromyzon marinus) an river lamper eel (Lampetra fluviatilis). At a national level, the aurie is a Site o Speicial Scienteefic Interest an is within the Caerlaverock National Naitur Reserve.
The Nith Estuary National Scenic Aurie goams the scenic value o the aurie. It is ane o 40 sic auries in Scotland, that is define't sae as tae identify auries o kenspeckle scenery an tae mak siccar its pertection fae inappropriate development bi restrictin certaint forms o development. The Nith Estuary NSA kivers 35,428 acre in tot, conseestin o 35,361 acre o laund an intertidal saund-and-mudflets, as weel as a forder 69 acre that is ablo law watter. Management o the NSA is the responsibeelity o the Dumfries an Gallowa Cooncil, that haes producet a management strategy for the aurie.
Fae up the stream tae doun the stream:
- "The River Nith Catchment Management Plan" Scottish Environment Protection Agency
- "River Nith (East Ayrshire)"
- 'Celtic Scotland' advertisement on google books
- "Almanac of Scotland"
- "The special qualities of the National Scenic Areas" (PDF). Scottish Natural Heritage. 2010. pp. 33–40. Retrieved 24 Januar 2018.
- "Site Details for Upper Solway Flats and Marshes Ramsar Site". Scottish Natural Heritage. 2 Mey 2018. Retrieved 14 Mey 2018.
- "Site Details for Upper Solway Flats and Marshes SP". Scottish Natural Heritage. 2 Mey 2018. Retrieved 14 Mey 2018.
- "Upper Solway Flats and Marshes SPA Descrition". Joint Nature Conservation Committee. 21 Julie 2005. Retrieved 14 Mey 2018.
- "Site Details for Solway Firth SAC". Scottish Natural Heritage. 2 Mey 2018. Retrieved 14 Mey 2018.
- "Caerlaverock: Designations". Scotland's National Nature Reserves. Retrieved 16 Apryle 2012.
- "Nith Estuary National Scenic Area". Scotland’s Scenic Heritage. Countryside Commission for Scotland. 1978. Retrieved 16 Apryle 2012.
- "National Scenic Areas". Scottish Natural Heritage. Retrieved 17 Januar 2018.
- "National Scenic Areas - Maps". SNH. 20 December 2010. Retrieved 14 Mey 2018.
- "Nith Estuary NSA - Management Strategy" (PDF). Dumfries and Galloway Council. Retrieved 14 Mey 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons haes media relatit tae River Nith.|
- Nith Estuary National Scenic Area, South West Scotland Hill Walking Routes