Rahat (Ebreu: רַהַט‬, Arabic: راهط‎) is a predominantly Bedouin ceety in the Soothren Destrict o Israel. In 2015 it haed a population o 62,415.[2] As such, it is the lairgest Bedouin settlement in the warld, an the anerlie ane in Israel tae hae ceety status.

Rahat

  • רהט
  • رهط
PikiWiki Israel 43453 Rahat.jpg
Official logo of Rahat
Coat o airms
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Coordinates: 31°23′33″N 34°45′16″E / 31.39250°N 34.75444°E / 31.39250; 34.75444Coordinates: 31°23′33″N 34°45′16″E / 31.39250°N 34.75444°E / 31.39250; 34.75444
DestrictSoothren
Foondit1972
Govrenment
 • TeepCeety (frae 1994)
 • MayorFayez Abu Sahiban[1]
Area
 • Total19.586 km2 (7.562 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)[2]
 • Total62,415
 • Density3,200/km2 (8,300/sq mi)
Name meaninCaum, comfort

HistoryEdit

 
Neighborhuid an the main mosque o Rahat
 
Mercat in Rahat

Rahat wis established in 1972, bi the govrenment o Israel, as a new settlement for Bedouins who lived in the surroondin aurie athoot permanent domicile. Till 1980, Rahat wis pairt o the Bnei Shimon Regional Cooncil an frae then on (till 1994) it wis a local cooncil (admeenistered bi a private board till 1989). In 1994 it wis recognized as a ceety—the first Bedouin ceety in Israel.

DesignEdit

The ceety haes a total o 33 neighborhuids. Aw but ane o the neighborhuids consist entirely o separate Bedouin clans but ane is a mixed-clan neighborhuid. Atween ivery neighborhuid, there is a wadi. The ceety an aa haes a mercat, public an commercial services, neighborhuid pairks, public auries, weemen's employment centers, childer's play auries, an several mosques.[3][4]

DemographicsEdit

Accordin tae CBS, in 2001 the ethnic makeup o the ceety wis amaist completely Arab athoot significant Jewish population (see an aa: Population groups in Israel). As such, it is the lairgest Bedouin settlement in Israel.

Accordin tae CBS, in 2001 there wur 16,300 males an 16,100 females. The population o the ceety wis spread oot wi 65.2% 19 years o age or younger, 15.8% atween 20 an 29, 12.0% atween 30 an 44, 4.7% frae 45 tae 59, 0.9% frae 60 tae 64, an 1.4% 65 years o age or aulder. The population growth rate in 2001 wis 5.9%.

Population 1983 1995 2000 2006
Number 9,200 22,456 30,653 40,000

IncomeEdit

Accordin tae CBS, as o 2000, in the ceety there wur 3,983 salaried wirkers an 437 are sel-employed. The mean monthly wage in 2000 for a salaried wirker in the ceety is ILS 3,008, a real chynge o -0.8% ower the course o 2000. Salaried males hae a mean monthly wage o ILS 3,502 (a real chynge of 0.1%) versus ILS 1,394 for females (a real chynge o -10.7%). The mean income for the sel-employed is 5,198. There are 277 residents who receive govrenment welfare, an 10,906 fowk who receive an income guarantee.

Meanin o the nameEdit

In Arabic, "rahat" means "relief" or "groups" (it is a an aa a Muslim name uised mostly for males). In Ebreu, "rahat" means funtain.

See an aaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. PM Netanyahu meets with Negev Bedouin mayors MFA, November 3, 2011
  2. a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  3. http://www.mmi.gov.il/static/HannhalaPirsumim/Beduin_information.pdf
  4. http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3420595,00.html

Freemit airtinsEdit

Template:Bedouin settlements