Phoenicie (UK // or US //; from the Greek: Φοινίκη, Phoiníkē; Arabic: فينيقية, Finiqyah) with an ancient Semitic civilisation situated on the western coastal part of the Fertile Crescent, centred on the coastline of modern Lebanon and the Tartus Territory in Syrie. All major Phoenician cities were on the coastlines of the Mediterranean, some colonies reaching the Western Mediterranean coastlines. It was an enterprising maritime traditional culture that spread all along the Mediterranean sea from 1550 BC till 300 BC. The Phoenicians used the galley, a man powered sailing vessel, which are credited to the invention of the bireme people. They were famous in Classical Greece and also Rome, as "traders in purple", referring to their monopoly on the precious purple dye of the Murex snail, used, among other things, for dyeing clothings, and also known for their spread of the alphabet (or abjad), from which almost all modern phonetic alphabets are derived.
|1200 BC–539 BC|
Cairt o Phoenicia an trade routes
|Common leids||Phoenician, Punic|
|Well-known keengs o Phoenician ceeties|
• c. 1000 BC
• 969 BC – 936 BC
• 820 BC – 774 BC
|Pygmalion o Tyre|
|Historical era||Classical antiquity|
• Tyre, unner the reign o Hiram I, acomes the dominant ceety-state
• Pygmalion foonds Carthage (legendary)
• Cyrus the Great conquers Phoenicie
• 1200 BC
|The day pairt o|
- "Phoenicia". The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Houghton Mifflin Company. 2001. p. 1. Retrieved 2008-12-11.
- Oxford English Dictionary
- Casson, Lionel (December 1, 1995). Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World. The Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 57–58. ISBN 978-0-8018-5130-8.