Mariehamn (Finnish: Maarianhamina) is the caipital o the Åland Islands, an autonomous territory unner Finnish sovereignty. Mariehamn is the seat o the Govrenment an Parliament o Åland, an 40% o the population o Åland live in the ceety. Like aw o Åland, Mariehamn is unilingually Swadish-speakin an aroond 88% o the inhabitants speak it as their native leid.[3]

Mariehamns stad
The museum ship Pommern is anchored in the wastren o Mariehamn's twa harbours, Västerhamn.
The museum ship Pommern is anchored in the wastren o Mariehamn's twa harbours, Västerhamn.
Coat of airms o Mariehamn
Coat airms
Location o Mariehamn in Finland
Location o Mariehamn in Finland
Mariehamn is located in Åland
Location in Åland
Coordinates: 60°06′N 019°56′E / 60.100°N 19.933°E / 60.100; 19.933Coordinates: 60°06′N 019°56′E / 60.100°N 19.933°E / 60.100; 19.933
Kintra Finland
 • Toun managerRitva Sarin-Grufberg
 • Total20.75 km2 (8.01 sq mi)
 • Laund11.79 km2 (4.55 sq mi)
 • Water8.96 km2 (3.46 sq mi)
Area rank311t lairgest in Finland
 • Total11,785
 • Rank86t lairgest in Finland
 • Density999.58/km2 (2,588.9/sq mi)
Population bi native leid
 • Swedish87.7% (offeecial)
 • Finnish5.8%
 • Ithers6.5%
Population by age
 • 0 tae 1414.8%
 • 15 tae 6467.8%
 • 65 or aulder17.4%
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

History eedit

The toun wis named efter Maria Alexandrovna, the Empress consort o Alexander II o Roushie. Mariehamn wis foondit in 1861, aroond the veelage o Övernäs, in wha wis at the time pairt o the municipality o Jomala. The ceety haes syne expandit an incorporatit mair o Jomala territory. The ceety is locatit on a peninsula, an haes twa important harbours, ane locatit on the wastren shore an ane on the eastren shore. The Wastren Harbour is an important internaitional harbour wi daily traffic tae Swaden an mainland Finland. A pouerful incentive for Baltic ferries tae stop at Mariehamn is that, wi respect tae indirect taxation, Åland is no pairt o the EU customs zone an so duty-free guids can be sauld aboard. Mariehamn Airport is locatit in the neighbourin municipality o Jomala, some 3 kilometres (2 mi) north-wast o Mariehamn ceety centre.

The Eastren Harbour in Mariehamn.

Åland an Mariehamn hae a reputable heritage in shippin. The Flying P-Liner Pommern museum ship is anchored in the Wastren Harbour. The Eastren Harbour features ane o the lairgest marinas in Scandinavie. The famous Dutch steamer Jan Nieveen (nou cried F.P. von Knorring, efter Åland teacher an vicar Frans Peter von Knorring) can an aa be foond here.

The ceety is an important centre for Åland media; baith o the local newspapers (Ålandstidningen an Nya Åland), several radio stations an the local TV channels (TV Åland an Åland24) operate oot o the ceety.

Mariehamn features several biggins drawn bi Finnish airchitect Lars Sonck, who muivit tae Åland as a child. Biggins drawn bi him include the kirk o Mariehamn (1927), the main biggin o the Åland Maritime College (1927) an the toun haw (1939). Hilda Hongell haes an aa designed several biggins, although anerlie a few are still staundin.

Demographics eedit

Saunt George's kirk

A chairt on population growth.


Internaitional relations eedit

Twin touns — Sister ceeties eedit

Mariehamn is twinned wi:[6]

Economy eedit

Air Åland haes its heid office on the grunds o Mariehamn Airport in Mariehamn.[7]

References eedit

  1. "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 Januar 2018.
  2. "Preliminar population structur bi aurie, 2022M01*-2023M02*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 4 Apryle 2023.
  3. a b "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2009.
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 Apryle 2009.
  5. a b "Luettelo kuntien ja seurakuntien tuloveroprosenteista vuonna 2023". Tax Admeenistration o Finland. 14 November 2022. Retrieved 7 Mey 2023.
  6. "Mariehamns stads vänorter. Accessed May 27, 2008 ". Archived frae the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
  7. "Contact information Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Air Åland. Retrieved on 25 February 2010.

Freemit airtins eedit