Aboot this soondHubei  (Cheenese: 湖北; pinyin: Húběi; Wade–Giles: Hu-pei; Postal map spelling: Hupeh) is a province o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae, locatit in the central pairt o the kintra. The name o the province means "north o the lake", referrin tae its position north o Lake Dongting.[1] The provincial caipital is Wuhan, a major transportation thoroughfare an the poleetical, cultural, an economic hub o Central Cheenae.

Hubei Province

Name transcription(s)
 • Cheenese湖北省 (Húběi Shěng)
 • Abbreviation鄂 (pinyin: È)
Map shawin the location o Hubei Province
Map shawin the location o Hubei Province
Named for湖 hú - lake
北 běi - north
"north o Lake Dongting"
(an lairgest ceety)
Divisions13 prefecturs, 102 coonties, 1235 tounships
 • SecretarLi Hongzhong
 • GovrenorWang Guosheng
 • Total185900 km2 (71,800 sq mi)
Area rank14t
 • Total57,237,740
 • Rank9t
 • Density310/km2 (800/sq mi)
 • Density rank12t
 • Ethnic composeetionHan - 95.6%
Tujia - 3.7%
Miao - 0.4%
ISO 3166 codeCN-42
GDP (2011)CNY 1.95 trillion
US$ 311 billion (11th)
 • per capitaCNY 34,233
US$5,434 (13t)
HDI (2008)0.784 (medium) (16t)
(Simplifeed Cheenese)

Hubei is offeecially abbreviatit tae "鄂" (È), an auncient name associatit wi the eastren pairt o the province syne the Qin dynasty, while a popular name for Hubei is "楚" (Chǔ), efter the pouerful state o Chu that existit here durin the Eastren Zhou dynasty. It borders Henan tae the north, Anhui tae the east, Jiangxi tae the southeast, Hunan to the south, Chongqing tae the wast, an Shaanxi tae the northwast. The heich-profile Three Gorges Dam is locatit at Yichang, in the wast o the province.

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