Francis Bacon, Viscoont St. Alban[lower-alpha 1] Kt PC QC (//; 22 Januar 1561 – 9 Apryle 1626), wis an Inglis filosofer, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist an author. He served baith as Attorney General an as Laird Chancellor o Ingland. Efter his daith, he remeened extremely influential throu his warks, especially as filosofical advocate an practeetioner o the scienteefic method in the scienteefic revolution.
|Attorney General o Ingland an Wales|
|Precedit bi||Henry Hobart|
|Succeedit bi||Henry Yelverton|
22 January 1561|
Strand, Lunnon, Ingland
9 Aprile 1626 (aged 65)|
Highgate, Middlesex, Ingland
|Alma mater||Cambridge Varsity|
Bacon haes been cried the faither o empiricism. His warks argued for the possibility o scienteefic knawledge based anerly upon inductive raisonin an carefu observation o events in naitur. Maist importantly, he argued this coud be achieved bi uise o a sceptical an methodical approach whaurbi scientists aim tae avoid misleadin themsels. While his awn practical ideas aboot sic a method, the Baconian method, did nae hae a lang lastin influence, the general idea o the importance an possibility o a sceptical methodology maks Bacon the faither o scienteefic method. This merked a new turn in the rhetorical an theoretical framewark for science, the practical details o that are still central in debates aboot science an methodology the day. In addeetion tae his work in the sciences, Bacon wis an aa a venerable patron o leebrars an developed a functional seestem for the catalogin o beuks bi dividin them intae three categories- history, poesy, an filosofie- that coud forder be dividit intae mair speceefic subjects an subheidins.
Bacon wis generally neglectit at coort bi Queen Elizabeth, but efter the accession o Keeng James I in 1603, Bacon wis knichtit. He wis later creautit Baron Verulam in 1618 an Viscoont St. Alban in 1621.[lower-alpha 2] Acause he haed na heirs, baith teetles becam extinct upon his daith in 1626, at 65 years o age. Bacon dee'd o pneumonia, wi ane accoont bi John Aubrey statin that he haed contractit the condeetion while studyin the effects o freezin on the preservation o meat. He is buiried at St Michael's Kirk, St Albans, Hertfordshire.
- Thare is some confusion ower the spellin o "Viscoont St. Alban". Some soorces, sic as the Dictionary of National Biography (1885) an the Encyclopædia Britannica (11t ed., 1911), spell the teetle wi "St. Albans"; ithers, sic as the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2007), spell it "St. Alban".
- Contemporar spellin, uised bi Bacon himsel in his letter o thanks tae the keeng for his elevation.Birch, Thomas (1763). Letters, Speeches, Charges, Advices, &c of Lord Chancellor Bacon. 6. London: Andrew Millar. pp. 271–2. OCLC 228676038.
- Fowler 1885, p. 346.
- Chisholm 1911.
- "Empiricism: The influence of Francis Bacon, John Locke, and David Hume". Sweet Briar College. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2013-07-08. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- Adamson (1878), p. 200.
- Peltonen (2007).
- Wilson, Scott. Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed.: 2 (Kindle Locations 2105-2106). McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. Kindle Edition.
- Adamson, Robert (1878), "Francis Bacon", in Baynes, T.S., Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 (9th ed.), New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, pp. 200–218
- Fowler, Thomas (1885). "Bacon, Francis (1561-1626)". In Leslie Stephen. Dictionary o Naitional Biography. 2. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 328–60.
- Peltonen, Markku (2007) . "Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Alban (1561–1626)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/990. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)