Doubs

French depairtment
(Reguidit frae Doubs (depairtment))
For ither uises, see Doubs (disambiguation).

Doubs (French pronunciation: ​[du]; Arpitan: Dubs) is a depairtment in the Franche-Comté region o eastren Fraunce namit efter the Doubs River.

Doubs
Prefectur biggin o the Doubs depairtment, in Besançon
Prefectur biggin o the Doubs depairtment, in Besançon
Coat o airms o Doubs
Coat o airms
Location o Doubs in Fraunce
Location o Doubs in Fraunce
Coordinates: 47°10′N 06°25′E / 47.167°N 6.417°E / 47.167; 6.417
Kintra Fraunce
RegionFranche-Comté
PrefecturBesançon
SubprefectursMontbéliard
Pontarlier
Govrenment
 • President of the General CouncilClaude Jeannerot (PS)
Area
 • Total5,234 km2 (2,021 sq mi)
Population
 (1999)
 • Tot499,062
 • Rank51st
 • Density95/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number25
Arrondissements3
Cantons35
Communes594
^1 French Laund Register data, which exclude estuars, an lochs, ponds, an glaciers lairger than 1 km2

HistoryEedit

Main airticle: Coonty o Burgundy

As early as the 13t century, inhabitants o the northren twa-thirds o Doubs spoke the Franc-Comtois leid, a dialect o Langue d'Oïl. Residents o the soothren third o Doubs spoke a dialect o the Arpitan leid. Baith leids co-existit wi French, the offeecial leid o law an commerce, an continued tae be spoken frequently in rural areas into the 20th century. They are baith still spoken the day but no on a daily basis.

Doubs wis important as a portal tae Swisserland throu the pass at Joux. Mony famous fowk, includin Mirabeau, Toussaint Louverture an Heinrich von Kleist, wur impreesoned in the Château de Joux.

Doubs is ane o the oreeginal 83 depairtments created durin the French Revolution on 4 Mairch 1790. It wis creatit frae pairt o the umwhile province o Franche-Comté. The prefectur (caipital) is Besançon.

In 1793, the republic o Mandeure wis annexed bi Fraunce an incorporatit intae the depairtment. This destrict wis passed atween various territories an depairtments in the ensuin admeenistrative reorganisations an wars, but wis restored tae Doubs in 1816 when the umwhile principality o Montbéliard wis addit tae the depairtment an aw.

Housomeivver, the commune o Cerneux-Péquignot wis annexed bi the Canton o Neuchâtel unner the terms o the 1814 Treaty o Paris, an syne remained Swiss territory.

Atween the defeat o Fraunce at the Battle o Waterloo an November 1818, Doubs wis includit in the aurie occupee'd bi Austrian troops.

Victor Hugo, Gustave Courbet, an Auguste an Louis Lumière are amang the famous fowk born in Doubs.

GeografieEedit

Doubs is pairt o the current region o Franche-Comté an is surroondit bi the French depairtments o Jura, Haute-Saône, an Territoire de Belfort, an the Swiss cantons o Vaud, Neuchâtel, an Jura.

The depairtment is dominatit bi the Jura muntains, which rise east o Besançon.

PoliticsEedit

The Preses o the General Cooncil is Claude Jeannerot o the Socialist Pairty.

Party seats
Socialist Pairty 16
Union for a Popular Muivement 13
Miscellaneous Left 3
Miscellaneous Richt 2
MoDem 1
The Greens 1

DemographicsEedit

The inhabitants o the depairtment are cried Doubistes.

EconomyEedit

The Doubs depairtment is at the same time the greenest an the maist industrialisit in Fraunce.

It is the birthplace o the automotive manufacturer Peugeot.

TourismEedit

The castle o Joux an Besançon are important tourist destinations.

BibliografieEedit

  • Hoffmann, Michael, Die französischen Konservativen in der katholischen Provinz Parteigenese und politische Kultur im Doubs (1900-1930) (Frankfurt am Main u.a., Peter Lang, 2008) (Moderne Geschichte und Politik, 22).

See an awEedit

Freemit airtinsEedit