Black rhinoceros

(Reguidit frae Diceros bicornis)

The black rhinoceros or hook-lipped rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) is a species o rhinoceros, hamelt in eastren an central Africae includin Kenyae, Tanzanie, Cameroon, Sooth Africae, Namibie, Zimbabwe, an Angolae. Altho the rhinoceros is referred tae as black, its colours vary frae broun tae gray.

Black rhinoceros or
huik-lippit rhinoceros[1]
Male sooth-wastren black rhinoceros in Etosha Naitional Pairk.
Scientific classification edit
Kinrick: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cless: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Faimily: Rhinocerotidae
Genus: Diceros
Gray, 1821
Species: D. bicornis
Binomial name
Diceros bicornis

Diceros bicornis bicornis
Diceros bicornis brucii
Diceros bicornis chobiensis
Diceros bicornis ladoensis
Diceros bicornis longipes
Diceros bicornis michaeli
Diceros bicornis minor
Diceros bicornis occidentalis

Historical black rhinoceros range (ca. 1700 A.D.).[3] Hatched: Possible historical range in Wast Africae.[4]
Current black rhinoceros range

  native   reintroduced   introduced   possibly extinct   extinct

  • Rhinoceros bicornis Linnaeus, 1758

The ither African rhinoceros is the white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum). The wird "white" in the name "white rhinoceros" is a misinterpretation o the Afrikaans wird wyd, itself derived frae the Dutch wird wijd for wide, referrin tae its square upper lip, as opponed tae the pyntit or huiked lip o the black rhinoceros. These species are nou whiles referred tae as the square-lipped (for white) or huik-lipped (for black) rhinoceros.[5]

The species oweraw is classifee'd as critically endangered, an ane subspecies, the wastren black rhinoceros, wis declared extinct bi the IUCN in 2011.[6][7]


  1. Grubb, P. (2005). "Order Perissodactyla". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 635–636. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. Emslie, R. (2012). Diceros bicornis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012.RLTS.T6557A16980917.en
  3. Hillman-Smith, A.K.K. & Groves, C.P. (1994). "Diceros bicornis" (PDF). Mammalian Species (455): 1–8. doi:10.2307/3504292. JSTOR 3504292. Cite uses deprecated parameter |lastauthoramp= (help)
  4. Rookmaaker, L.C. (2004). "Historical distribution of the black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) in West Africa" (PDF). African Zoology. 39 (1): 63–70. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 25 Mey 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
  5. White rhinoceros, Animal Corner
  6. Emslie, R. (2011). "Diceros bicornis ssp. longipes". IUCN Reid Leet o Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. Internaitional Union for Conservation o Naitur. Retrieved 24 September 2012. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |last-author-amp= (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  7. Knight, Matthew (2011-11-10) Western black rhino declared extinct.