Democritus (/dɪˈmɒkrɪtəs/; Greek: Δημόκριτος Dēmókritos, meanin "chosen o the fowk"; c. 460 – c. 370 BC) wis an influential Auncient Greek pre-Socratic filosofer primarily remembered the day for his formulation o an atomic theory o the universe.[3]

Democritus
Democritus2.jpg
Bornc. 460 BC
Abdera, Thrace
Diedc. 370 BC (aged aroond 90)
EraPre-Socratic filosofie
RegionWestern filosofie
SchuilPre-Socratic filosofie
Main interests
Notable ideas

Democritus wis born in Abdera, Thrace,[4] aroond 460 BC, awtho thare are disgreements about the exact year. His exact contreibutions are difficult tae disentangle frae thae o his mentor Leucippus, as thay are eften mentioned thegither in texts. Thair speculation on atoms, taken frae Leucippus, beirs a passin an pairtial resemblance tae the 19t-century unnerstaundin o atomic structur that haes led some tae regaird Democritus as mair o a scientist nor ither Greek filosofers; houiver, thair ideas restit on verra different bases.[5] Lairgely ignored in auncient Athens, Democritus is said tae hae been disliked sae muckle bi Plato that the latter wished aw o his beuks birned.[6] He wis nivertheless weel kent tae his fellae northren-born filosofer Aristotle. Mony conseder Democritus tae be the "faither o modren science".[7] Nane o his writins hae survived; anerly fragments are kent from his vast bouk o wark.[8]

NotesEedit

  1. The idea that atoms an void as the fundamental constituents o the warld (DK B125: "ἐτεῇ δὲ ἄτομα καὶ κενόν").

ReferencesEedit

  1. DK 68 B118.
  2. DK 59 A80: Aristotle, Meteorologica 342b.
  3. Barnes (1987).
  4. Russell, pp. 64–65.
  5. Stephen Toulmin and June Goodfield, The Architecture of Matter (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962), 56.
  6. Diogenes Laërtius, Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers, ix. 40: "Aristoxenus in his Historical Notes affirms that Plato wished to burn all the writings of Democritus that he could collect".
  7. Pamela Gossin, Encyclopedia of Literature and Science, 2002.
  8. Democritus at Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy