Carl Gustav Jung (/jʊŋ/; German: [ˈkarl ˈɡʊstaf jʊŋ]; 26 Julie 1875 – 6 Juin 1961), eften referred tae as C. G. Jung, wis a Swiss psychiatrist an psychotherapist who foondit analytical psychology.

Carl Jung
A portrait o Jung, unkent date
BornCarl Gustav Jung
26 Julie 1875(1875-07-26)
Kesswil, Thurgau, Swisserland
Dee'd6 Juin 1961(1961-06-06) (aged 85)
Küsnacht, Zürich, Swisserland
Alma materVarsity o Basel
Kent forAnalytical psychology, typology, the collective unconscious, the psychoanalytical complex, the aircheteep, anima an animus, synchronicity
Hauf-marrae(s)Emma Jung
Scientific career
FieldsPsychiatry, psychology, psychotherapy, analytical psychology
InstitutionsBurghölzli, Swiss Airmy (as a commissioned officer in Warld War I)
Doctoral advisorEugen Bleuler
InfluencesEugen Bleuler, Freud, Nietzsche,[1] Schopenhauer,[1]
InfluencedJoseph Campbell, Hermann Hesse, Erich Neumann, Ross Nichols, Alan Watts

Jung’s wark was influential in the fields o psychiatry, anthropology, airchaeology, leeteratur, filosofie, an releegious studies. Jung wirkit as a resaiach scientist at the famous Burghölzli hospital, unner Eugen Bleuler. In this time, he cam tae the attention o the Viennese foonder o psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud. The twa men conductit a lenthy correspondence an collaboratit, for a while, on a jynt veesion o human psychology.

Freud saw in the younger Jung the potential heir he haed been seekin tae cairy on his "new science" o psychoanalysis. Jung's resairch an personal veesion, houiver, made it impossible for him tae bend tae his aulder colleague's doctrine, an a schism becam inevitable. This diveesion wis personally painfu for Jung, an it wis tae hae historic repercussions lastin weel intae the modren day.

Amang the central concepts o analytical psychology is individuation—the lifelang psychological process o differentiation o the sel oot o ilk individual's conscious an unconscious elements. Jung conseedert it tae be the main task o human development. He creatit some o the best kent psychological concepts, includin synchronicity, aircheteepal phenomena, the collective unconscious, the psychological complex, an extraversion an introversion.

Jung wis an aw an artist, craftsman an bigger as weel as a proleefic writer. Mony o his wirks war nae published till efter his daith an some are still awaitin publication.


  1. a b Polly Young-Eisendrath. The Cambridge Companion To Jung. Cambridge University, 2010. pp. 24–30.