Caibarién

Caibarién is a municipality an ceety in the Villa Clara province o Cuba.

Caibarién
1 Caibariengazebo.jpg
Eik-name(s): 
La Villa Blanca (The White Toun)
Caibarién is located in Cuba
Caibarién
Location o Caibarién in Cuba
Coordinates: 22°30′57″N 79°28′20″W / 22.51583°N 79.47222°W / 22.51583; -79.47222
Kintra Cuba
ProvinceVilla Clara
Foondit1832
Established1873 (Veelage)
Municipality1879
Area
 • Total212 km2 (82 sq mi)
Elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Population
 (2009 [2])
 • Total37,902
 • Density88.9/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
Area code(s)+53-42

Caibarien is kent as "La Villa Blanca" (The White Toun) for its sands an beaches. Thay are famous for thair "Parrandas" (Carnivals) alang wi Remedios (the neebouring toun locatit 7 kilometre (4.3 mi) wast) an Camajuani.

HistoryEedit

The toun wis foondit on 26 October 1832 frae a cairt designed bi Estratón Bauza. For his constant concern an tenacity in thair efforts, an acause he affered some o his launds an economic concessions tae the foondin o the toun Don Narciso de Justa is considered the foonder o Caibarién. On 1834 it wis namit Colonia de Vives, but on 1837 the oreeginal name (Caibarién) wis restored. On 19 September 1873 wis awairdit the veelage title.

In 1878 the toun already haed stores, kirks, schools an newspapers. On October 25 wis foondit the committee o the Cuban Liberal Pairty in Caibarién, an elections war prepared atween the Liberal Pairty an the Constitutional Union.

On 1 Januar 1879 Caibarién emerged as an independent municipality o Remedios an the first ceety council wis established bein it first Mayor Don Hipólito Escobar Martelo frae the Liberal Pairty. On 1891, Laureano López Cosío wis chosen as Mayor.

On the seicont hauf o 1893 the poleetical turmoil began tae increase, sheddin elements frae the Conservative Union tae form a third poleetical pairty cried Reform. This year the mayor Cosío dee'd an Damián Judez Celaya wis electit. On 18 Januar 1895 Judez dee'd an wis succeedit bi the Spainyie merchant Antonio Imaz Llaguno.[3]

Afore the unthirldom war o 1895 the veelage haes achievit steady progress, showin an economic pouer that wis a real surprise at the time.[4]

The aurie wis scene o actions durin the unthirldom wars o the nineteent century lik the uprisin o Carlos Roloff.

GeografieEedit

The ceety is situated on the north coast o Cuba, borderin the Bay o Buena Vista (Bahia de Buena Vista) o the Atlantic Ocean. It lees at the eastren extremity o the Villa Clara Province, close tae the border wi Sancti Spíritus Province. The toun is servit bi the Caibarien Airport (IATA: -ICAO: MUCB).

The municipality is dividit intae the barrios o Primero, Segundo, Tercero, Cuarto an Quinto.[5]

Economy an tourismEedit

It served as a shippin pynt for agricultural commodities, such as succarcane, tobacco, an fruit. It servit as a sponge-fishin centre an aw. Its hotels are nou destroyed bi lack o care, an maist concrete hooses are crumblin on tae its streets. The piers that ance servit as shippin pynts for agricultural commodities hae fawen intae the bay. The twa succar mills that uised tae send thair succar exports throu the harbour are nou closed an crumblin. The major succar mill (Reforma) it is nou a museum for tourist.

The Parrandas carnivals tak place twice a year on August–September an bi the mid o Dizember. Thay last uisually for aboot twa weeks at a time.

The main centre for tourists in Caibarien is "Los Cayos" (The keys) wi such cays as Cayo Santa Maria, Cayo Fragoso, Cayo las Brujas, etc. New Cuban reforms nou allou Cuban ceetizens tae enter the resorts an beaches that wur ance exclusive tae tourists.

DemograficsEedit

In 2004, the municipality o Caibarién haed a population o 38,064.[6] Wi a tot aurie o 212 km2 (82 sq mi),[1] it haes a population densitie o 179.5/km2 (465/sq mi).

Cayo ConucoEedit

Cayo Conuco is a sma island locatit seiven kilometres frae Caibarién,[7] which is joined tae the mainlaund bi a stane causewa.[8] It wis recently covered anerlie bi thin, dry pastur, housomeivver native plant species hae resumit thair oreeginal place.[9] In 1948, the Asociación de Scouts de Cuba held its seicont naitional Jamboree in Cayo Conuco, Caibarién.

See an awEedit

GalleryEedit

ReferencesEedit

  1. a b Statoids (2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 9 October 2007. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  2. "Anuario Estadístico". Caibarién 2009. Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Retrieved 2 Mey 2011.[deid airtin]
  3. "Ecured". Fundación de Caibarién. Retrieved 1 Mey 2011.
  4. "Sitio web de la cultura caibarienense". Historia. Archived frae the original on 18 Julie 2011. Retrieved 30 Apryle 2011.
  5. Guije.com. "Caibarién". Retrieved 9 October 2007. (in Spaingie)
  6. Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality". Archived frae the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 9 October 2007."Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 1 December 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) (in Spaingie)
  7. "ENVIRONMENT-CUBA: Restoring Lost Balance in Nature - IPS ipsnews.net". ipsnews.net. Archived frae the original on 14 Januar 2012. Retrieved 14 Februar 2011.
  8. Footprint Cuba - Google Books. books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 14 Februar 2011.
  9. Second_circular_II_International_Simposium_on_Ecological_Restoration Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine

Freemit airtinsEedit