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Botswana (offeecially the Republic o Botswana (Tswana: Lefatshe la Botswana), is a laundlocked kintra locatit in Soothren Africae. Umwhile the Breetish pertectorate o Bechuanaland, Botswana adoptit its new name efter acomin independent within the Commonweel on 30 September 1966.[7] Syne then, it haes mainteened a strang tradeetion o stable representative democracy, wi a consistent record o uninterruptit democratic elections an the best perceived corruption rankin in Africae syne at least 1998.[8]

Republic o Botswana
Lefatshe la Botswana  (Tswana)
Banner o Botswana
Banner
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat o airms
Motto: "Pula" (Tswana)
"Rain"
Anthem: Fatshe leno la rona  (Tswana)
This Laund o Oors
Location o  Botswana  (daurk blue) in the African Union  (licht blue)
Location o  Botswana  (daurk blue)

in the African Union  (licht blue)

Caipital
and largest city
Gaborone
24°39.5′S 25°54.5′E / 24.6583°S 25.9083°E / -24.6583; 25.9083
Offeecial leids Inglis
Ethnic groups
Releegion Christianity
Demonym
Govrenment Pairlamentar republic
• Preses
Mokgweetsi Masisi[1]
Slumber Tsogwane
Legislatur Naitional Assembly
Unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick
• Established (Constitution)
30 September 1966
Aurie
• Total
581,730 km2 (224,610 sq mi) (48t)
• Water (%)
2.6
Population
• 2016 estimate
2,250,260[2] (145t)
• 2011 census
1,914,228[3]
• Density
3.7/km2 (9.6/sq mi) (231st)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$44.3 billion[4]
• Per capita
$18,653.68[4]
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Tot
$19.651 billion[4]
• Per capita
$8,263.22[4]
Gini (2015) positive decrease 53.3[5]
heich
HDI (2017) Increase 0.717[6]
heich · 101st
Currency Pula (BWP)
Time zone UTC+2 (Central Africae Time)
Date format DD/MM/YYYY
Drivin side caur
Cawin code +267
ISO 3166 code BW
Internet TLD .bw
Wabsteid
www.gov.bw

Botswana is topografically flat, wi up tae 70 percent o its territory bein the Kalahari Desert. It is mairchit bi Sooth Africae tae the sooth an sootheast, Namibie tae the wast an north, an Zimbabwe tae the northeast. Its mairch wi Zambie tae the north near Kazungula is puirly defined but is, at maist, a few hunder metres lang.[9]

A mid-sized kintra o juist ower 2 million fowk, Botswana is ane o the maist sparsely populatit kintras in the warld. Aroond 10 percent o the population lives in the caipital an lairgest ceety, Gaborone. Umwhile ane o the puirest kintras in the warld—wi a GDP per capita o aboot US$70 per year in the late 1960s—Botswana haes syne transformed itsel intae ane o the warld's festest-growin economies. The economy is dominated by minin, kye, an tourism. Botswana blowsts a GDP (purchasin pouer parity) per capita o aboot $18,825 per year as o 2015, that is ane o the heichest in Africae.[10] Its heich gross naitional income (bi some estimates the fowert-lairgest in Africae) gies the kintra a relatively heich staundart o leevin an the heichest Human Development Index o continental Sub-Saharan Africae.[11]

Botswana is a member o the African Union, the Soothren African Development Commonty, the Commonweel o Naitions, an the Unitit Naitions. The kintra haes been amang the haurdest hit bi the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Despite the success in programmes tae mak treatments available tae thae infectit, an tae eddicate the populace in general aboot hou tae stap the spread o HIV/AIDS, the nummer o fowk wi AIDS rose frae 290,000 in 2005 tae 320,000 in 2013.[12]:A20 As o 2014, Botswana haes the third-heichest prevalence rate for HIV/AIDS, wi reuchly 20% o the adult population bein infectit.[13]

ReferencesEedit

  1. "Masisi to Lead Botswana as Khama Steps Down After a Decade". www.bloomberg.com. Archived frae the oreeginal on 1 April 2018. Retrieved 31 March 2018.  Unkent parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  2. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  3. 2011 Population & Housing Census Preliminary Results Brief
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "IMF Country Specific Data". Retrieved 10 August 2019. 
  5. "GINI index (World Bank estimate)". World Bank. Archived frae the oreeginal on 13 December 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2019.  Unkent parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  6. "2018 Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. 2018. Archived frae the oreeginal on 14 September 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.  Unkent parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  7. "Bechuanaland was the former name of Botswana". generalknowledgefacts.com. Retrieved 2018-02-20. 
  8. "overview of CPI indices". Transparency International. Retrieved 8 January 2018. 
  9. Darwa, P. Opoku (2011). Kazungula Bridge Project (PDF). African Development Fund. p. Appendix IV. Retrieved 4 May 2012. 
  10. "Botswana". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  11. Gross naitional income (GNI) – Nations Online Project. Nationsonline.org. Retrieved on 27 October 2016.
  12. "The Gap Report" (PDF). Geneva: UN AIDS. 2014. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 20 June 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2016. 
  13. "HIV and Aids in Botswana". Avert International Aids Charity. Retrieved 21 June 2016.