The bonobo (Pan paniscus), umwhile cried the pygmy chimpanzee an less eften, the droich or gracile chimpanzee,[3] is an endangered great ape an ane o the twa species makin up the genus Pan; the ither is Pan troglodytes, or the common chimpanzee. Awtho the name "chimpanzee" is whiles uised tae refer tae baith species thegither, it is uisually unnerstuid as referrin tae the common chimpanzee, whauras Pan paniscus is uisually referred tae as the bonobo.[4]

Temporal range: Early PleistoceneHolocene
Pan paniscus12.jpg
Bonobo (Pan paniscus)
Scientific classification edit
Kinrick: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cless: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Faimily: Hominidae
Genus: Pan
Species: P. paniscus
Binomial name
Pan paniscus
Schwarz, 1929
Bonobo distribution.svg
Bonobo distribution


  1. Groves, C. P. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 183. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. Fruth, B.; Hickey, J. R.; André, C.; Furuichi, T.; Hart, J.; Hart, T.; Kuehl, H.; Maisels, F.; Nackoney, J.; Reinartz, G.; Sop, T.; Thompson, J.; Williamson, E. A. (2016). "Pan paniscus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T15932A17964305. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
  3. de Waal, Frans; Lanting, Frans (1997). Bonobo: The Forgotten Ape. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-20535-9.
  4. Angier, Natalie (10 September 2016). "Beware the Bonds of Female Bonobos". New York Times. Retrieved 10 September 2016.