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Arica is a commune an a port ceety wi a population o 185,269 in the Arica Province o northren Chile's Arica an Parinacota Region. It is Chile's northmaist ceety, bein locatit anerlie 18 km (11 mi) sooth o the border wi Peru. The ceety is the caipital o baith the Arica Province an the Arica an Parinacota Region. Arica is locatit at the bend o Sooth Americae's wastren coast kent as the Arica Bend or Arica Elbow. At the location o the ceety twa lush valleys that dissect the Atacama Desert converge: Azapa an Lluta. These valleys provides fruit for export.[3]

Ceety an Commune
Collage of Arica
Collage of Arica
Coat o airms
Coat o airms
Nickname(s): "Ceety o the eternal spring"
Map o Arica an Parinacota Region
Map o Arica an Parinacota Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Coordinates (city): 18°29′S 70°20′W / 18.483°S 70.333°W / -18.483; -70.333
Kintra Chile
Region Arica an Parinacota
Province Arica
Foondit 1541
 • Teep Municipality
 • Mayor Gerardo Espíndola Rojas
 • Total 4,799.4 km2 (1,853.1 sq mi)
Elevation 2 m (7 ft)
Population (2002)[2]
 • Tot 185,268
 • Density 39/km2 (100/sq mi)
 • Urban 175,441
 • Landwart 9,827
 • Male 91,742
 • Female 93,526
Time zone CLT (UTC−4)
 • Simmer (DST) CLST (UTC−3)
Postal code 1000000
Aurie code(s) kintra 56 + ceety 58
Wabsteid Offeecial wabsteid (in Spaingie)

Arica is an important port for a lairge inland region o Sooth Americae. The ceety serves a free port for Bolivie an manages substantial pairt o that kintra's trade.[3] In addeetion it is the end statation o the Bolivie ile pipeline beginin in Oruro.[3] The ceety's strategic position is enhancit bi bein next tae the Pan-American Heich-gate, bein conectit tae baith Tacna in Peru an La Paz in Bolivie bi railwey an bein servit bi an international airport.

Its mild wather hae mak Arica kent as the "ceety o the eternal spring" in Chile while its beaches are frequentit bi Bolivians.[3] The ceety wis an important port awready durin Spainyie colonial rule. Chile acquired the ceety frae Peru in 1883 efter the War o the Pacific. A substantial pairt o African Chileans live in or trace their oreegins tae Arica.


  1. (in Spaingie) "Municipality of Arica". Archived frae the oreeginal on 21 September 2010. Retrieved 7 September 2010. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 (in Spaingie) Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Arica

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