Akita (秋田市, Akita-shi) is the caipital ceety o Akita Prefectur in the Tohoku region o Honshu, the lairgest o Japan's islands.

Akita

秋田
秋田市 Akita Ceety
250px
Dountoun Akita
Banner o Akita
Banner
Location o Akita in Akita Prefectur
Location o Akita in Akita Prefectur
Akita is locatit in Japan
Akita
Akita
 
Coordinates: 39°43′12.1″N 140°6′9.3″E / 39.720028°N 140.102583°E / 39.720028; 140.102583Coordinates: 39°43′12.1″N 140°6′9.3″E / 39.720028°N 140.102583°E / 39.720028; 140.102583
KintraJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefecturAkita Prefectur
Govrenment
 • MayorNorihisa Satake
Area
 • Total905.67 km2 (349.68 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2011)
 • Total323,310
 • Density360/km2 (920/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Staundart Time)
- TreeJapanese zelkova
- FlouerSatsuki azalea
Phone nummer018-863-2222
AddressAkita-shi,
Sanno 1 chome, 1-1
010-8560
Websitewww.city.akita.akita.jp

As o Juin 11, 2005, wi the merger o the umwhile Kawabe Destrict (includin the umwhile touns o Kawabe an Yūwa), the ceety haes an estimatit population o 323,310 an density o 356.98 inhabitants per square kilometre (924.6/sq mi). The tot aurie is 905.67 square kilometre (349.68 sq mi).

While the modren ceety wis offeecially foondit on Aprile 1, 1889, Akita haes been ane o the maist important ceeties in the Tohoku region syne the medieval period. The Ashina an Satake daimyo clans established thair caipital in present-day Akita.

HistoryEedit

Historically, Akita haes seen chynges throughoot at least fower historical Japanese periods; Edo, Meiji, Showa an Heisei. The beginnins o Akita wur in the Edo period. A dounset, kent as Kubota Castle Toun, wis fairmed which wad later acome the centre o Akita. Construction is datit tae 1604.

MeijiEedit

Progress in the Meiji era includit the renamin o the "Taihei" Schuil (太平学校) tae "Akita Normal" Schuil (師範学校) on Aprile 12 o 1878. In Julie, the schuil seestem wis dividit intae 2 seestems, the Kitaakita an Minamiakita destricts. A year later, on Aprile 1, 1889, Akita wis offeecially established. In Julie the ceety haw o Akita wis locatit inside the umwhile Minamiakita Destrict office. Transportation bi horsecaur began in Julie frae Shindaikumachi tae Tsuchizaki. This later acame the Akita Ceety Rail service. In Mey the first bank opened.

ShowaEedit

War devastatit the ceety on August 14, 1945. 137 fowk wur killed in an air raid o 134 B-29s, attackin the ceety frae midnicht tae the early dawn o August 15. A Nippon Company ile refinery in the Tsuchizaki aurie wis targetit. This wis reportedly the farthest-range an an aa the last bombin mission in Warld War II, comin anly oors afore Japan annoonced its surrender.[1]

Heisei EraEedit

On Aprile 1, 1997 Akita wis designatit as a core ceety in Japan. In August 2001 The Warld Gemmes wur held in Akita, wi the openin ceremony held in the Yabase Track an Field Stadium. In 2004, the ceety celebratit its 400t anniversary an its beginnins as Kubota Castle toun.

Merger wi Kawabe DestrictEedit

On Januar 11, 2005, the ceety addit the touns o Kawabe an Yūwa tae acome the new ceety o Akita. This incorporatit what remained o Kawabe Destrict, sicweys dissolvin the destrict. The merger celebration wis held at AL☆Ve.

The location o Akita Ceety Haw did nae chynge, an umwhile Kawabe an Yūwa Toun Haws are uised as civic centers.

Go tae the ceety o Akita's wabsteid for mair info

 
Thatchin ruif in Jizoideni Archaeological Pairk
 
Akita Sensyu Pairk

GeografieEedit

Rivers an canalsEedit

  • Omono River
  • Akita-unga Canal (Formerly Omono-gawa River)
  • Asahi-kawa River
  • Iwami-gawa River

Neighborin ceetiesEedit

ClimateEedit

Akita alangs tae a climatic transeetion zone humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) an is interestingly the maist populous ceety havin absolute northren extremity o this climate zone within Japan, borderin very closely wi the humid continental climate zone, comparable tae New York Ceety, USA. Akita Ceety is characterized wi cauld, very snawy, winters, an very warm, humid simmers. Monthly means range frae −0.1 °C (31.8 °F) in Januar tae 24.5 °C (76.1 °F) in August. Due tae its location near the Sea o Japan coast, it receives hivy snawfaw, wi juist abuin 409 centimetre (161 in) per saison, wi accumulation occurring maistly frae December tae Mairch. Precipitation is well-distributit an signeeficant throughoot the year, but is greater in the latter hauf.

Climate data for Akita Ceety (1971-2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 13.7
(56.7)
19.8
(67.6)
21.0
(69.8)
28.0
(82.4)
31.8
(89.2)
33.7
(92.7)
37.9
(100.2)
38.2
(100.8)
35.4
(95.7)
28.9
(84.0)
23.3
(73.9)
21.4
(70.5)
38.2
(100.8)
Average heich °C (°F) 2.7
(36.9)
3.1
(37.6)
6.9
(44.4)
13.6
(56.5)
18.5
(65.3)
22.8
(73.0)
26.4
(79.5)
28.6
(83.5)
24.2
(75.6)
18.2
(64.8)
11.6
(52.9)
5.8
(42.4)
15.2
(59.4)
Average law °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
−2.7
(27.1)
−0.5
(31.1)
4.8
(40.6)
9.9
(49.8)
15.1
(59.2)
19.4
(66.9)
20.9
(69.6)
16.0
(60.8)
9.3
(48.7)
3.7
(38.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
7.8
(46.0)
Record law °C (°F) −19.8
(−3.6)
−24.6
(−12.3)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−7.2
(19.0)
−1.4
(29.5)
4.1
(39.4)
8.9
(48.0)
9.0
(48.2)
3.1
(37.6)
−1.4
(29.5)
−5.4
(22.3)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−24.6
(−12.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 114.4
(4.50)
92.0
(3.62)
93.0
(3.66)
117.6
(4.63)
122.8
(4.83)
127.5
(5.02)
178.1
(7.01)
181.9
(7.16)
177.9
(7.00)
160.7
(6.33)
183.5
(7.22)
163.8
(6.45)
1,713.2
(67.45)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 142
(56)
120
(47)
51
(20)
2
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
13
(5.1)
79
(31)
409
(161)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 24.0 20.0 17.5 13.2 12.5 11.2 13.6 11.0 13.6 15.6 19.8 23.6 195.6
Average snawy days 27.1 23.7 16.9 2.2 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 6.6 20.7 97.3
Average relative humidity (%) 73 72 68 68 72 76 79 77 76 73 72 73 73
Mean monthly sunshine oors 44.6 65.6 135.7 175.0 191.4 178.0 171.5 200.4 154.9 148.1 84.7 47.6 1,597.4
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency
Source #2: 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)

Sister / friendship ceetiesEedit

Internaitional sister / friendship ceetiesEedit

Domestic sister ceetiesEedit

TransportationEedit

RailEedit

  • East Japan Railway Company
    • Akita Shinkansen: Akita
    • Ōu Main Line: Ōbarino, Wada, Yotsugoya, (Akita Service Center), Akita, (Akita Freight Station), (Akita General Service Center: Adjacent tae Tsuchizaki, branches tae the richt haund side afore the station), Tsuchizaki, Kami-Iijima, Oiwake
    • Oga Line: Oiwake
    • Uetsu Main Line: Katsurane, Araya, Ugo-Ushijima, Akita
  • Akita Rinkai Railway (Freight)
    • Tsuchizaki—Port o Akita
      • North Line: Port o Akita—North Port o Akita
      • Sooth Line: Port o Akita—Mukaihama
  • Akita Destrict Forest Service
    • Nibestu Shinrin Railway (Abolished)

RoadEedit

  • Expressways
    • Akita Expressway: Akita North Interchynge, Akita Chūō Interchynge, Akita Sooth Interchynge
    • Japan Sea-Tōhoku Expressway: Akita Airport Interchynge
    • Kawabe Junction:Akita Expressway, Japan Sea-Tōhoku Expressway
  • Akita Central Highway
  • Naitional Highways (Ordinary)
    • Highway 7
    • Highway 13
    • Highway 341

BusEedit

  • Akita Chūō Kōtsū

AirEedit

BoatEedit

 
Akita port laundmerk touer
  • Port o Akita (designatit port)
    • North Port o Akita (Akita Ferry Terminal)
    • Sooth Port o Akita

ReferencesEedit

  1. Reyher, Charles. Memoirs of a B-29 Pilot, page 146 (Lulu.com 2008): "This superfortress strike unwittingly collapsed a coup in progress at the Japanese Imperial Palace and saved Tokyo from a nuclear strike and ended World War II."

Freemit airtinsEedit