Yarab (Arabic: يعرب‎, an aw Ya'rob, Yarrob, or Yar'ub, or "Yaarub") is an auncient Arabic personal name. Arab an Islamic genealogies identifee Yarab as the grandson o Hud (biblical Eber) an son o Qahtan (biblical Joktan), an the ancestor o the Himyarite keengs o Yemen.[1][2] A similar accoont places Yarrob as Qahtan's grandson (Yarrob bin Yashjub bin Qahtan) an haulds that he is the forefaither o al-'Arab al-'Ariba ("the arab arabs" or "pur arabs"), who are generally identifee'd wi the Qahtanites an its twa main tribes, the Himyar an the Kahlan.[3] Some legendar accoonts relate that Yarab wis the first tae speak Arabic an that the leid wis namit for him.[2][4] Shams-i Qais Razi, writin in the 12-13t century CE, tracit the oreegins o Arabic poetry tae Ya'rab an he is creditit wi haein inventit the Kufic script an aw.[5][6]

Ancestor o keengsEedit

Yarob (يعرب) is ane o greatest Arab kings; he wis the first tae rule the entire launds o Yemen (soothwastren Arabie). He expelled or destroyed the Adites, consolidatit the empire of Yemen, an gave tae his brithers Oman an Hadhrarmaut. His son wis the keeng Saba or Sheba, the foonder o Saba or Sheba kinrick, mentioned in the Qur'an.

Stryndant o the Prophet Ishmael, Son of AbrahamEedit

The lineage o the Islamic prophet Muhammad wis tracit bi some Arab an Islamic genealogists back tae Adam throu Ya'rab, who in these accoonts is designatit the grandson o Nabit, who wis the son o Ishmael. For example, Ibn Kathir quotin Mohammed Ibn Ishak in As-Seerah An-Nabawiyyah denotes the pairt o the lineage o Mohammad frae Adnan throu tae Aubraham as follaes:

Adnan ibn Udad ibn Muqwim ibn Nahor ibn Terah ibn Ya'rub ibn Yashjub ibn Nabit ibn Ismail ibn Ibrahim Al-Khalil.

Note that ibn means "son" an al-Khalil, the appellation appendit tae Ibrahim (Aubraham)'s name means "the Friend of God".[7]

Though most likely related, there wis mair nor ane Ya'rab historically. This can be compared wi the following lineage o the Nasrid Dynasty:

Arabs trace their ancestry through their nasab, i.e. patrilineal descent. The Nasrid dynasty claimed direct male-line descent from Sa'd ibn Ubadah, chief of the Banu Khazraj tribe and one of the companions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The Banu Khazraj were themselves part of the Qahtanite group of tribes, which originate in the southern regions of the Arabian Peninsula. The name of Nasr, from whom the dynasty derives its name, appears in bold font.

Yusuf al-Ahmar ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn (Khamees ibn)[] Nasr ibn Muhammad ibn Nusair ibn Ali ibn Yahya ibn Sa'd ibn Qais ibn Sa'd ibn Ubadah[] ibn Dulaym ibn Harithah ibn Abi Hazima ibn Tha'labah ibn Tarif ibn al-Khazraj ibn Sa'ida ibn Ka'b ibn al-Khazraj[] ibn Harithah ibn Tha'labah ibn Amr ibn Amir ibn Harithah ibn Imri' al-Qays ibn Tha'labah ibn Mazin ibn al-Azd ibn al-Ghawth ibn Nabt ibn Malik ibn Zayd ibn Kahlan ibn Saba' ibn Yashjub ibn Ya'rub ibn Qahtan[]


  1. van Donzel, 1994, p. 483.
  2. a b Crosby, 2007, pp. 74-75.
  3. Prentiss, 2003, p. 172.
  4. Sperl, 1989, p. 209.
  5. Sperl et al., 1996, p. 138.
  6. Thackston, 2001, p. 7.
  7. Abu Khalil, 2004, p. 54.