The Warsaw Treaty Organization o Friendship, Cooperation, an Mutual Assistance (1955–1991), mair commonly referred tae as the Warsaw Pact, wis a mutual defense treaty atween aicht communist states o Central an Eastren Europe in existence durin the Cauld War. The foondin treaty wis established unner the initiative o the Soviet Union an signed on 14 Mey 1955, in Warsaw. The Warsaw Pact wis the militar complement tae the Cooncil for Mutual Economic Assistance (CoMEcon), the regional economic organisation for the communist states o Central an Eastren Europe. The Warsaw Pact wis in pairt a Soviet militar reaction tae the integration o Wast Germany intae NATO in 1955, per the Paris Pacts o 1954.
|Warsaw Treaty Organization o Friendship, Cooperation, an Mutual Assistance|
Motto: Союз мира и социализма (Russian)
"Union of peace and socialism"
|Common leids||Russian, German, Bulgarian, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Albanian, Polish|
• 1955–60 (first)
• 1989–91 (last)
|Head of Unified Staff|
• 1955–62 (first)
• 1989–90 (last)
|Historical era||Cauld War|
|14 Mey 1955|
|4 November 1956|
|21 August 1968|
|13 September 1989/22 December 1990|
|3 October 1990|
|1 Julie 1991|
¹ Command and Control HQ in Warsaw, Poland. Military HQ in Moscow, USSR.
² A 24 September 1990 treaty withdrew the German Democratic Republic from the Warsaw Treaty; at reunification, it became integral to the NATO Pact.
- Yost, David S. (1998). NATO Transformed: The Alliance's New Roles in International Security. Washington, DC: U.S. Institute of Peace Press. p. 31. ISBN 1-878379-81-X.
- Broadhurst, Arlene Idol (1982). The Future of European Alliance Systems. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press. p. 137. ISBN 0-86531-413-6.
- Christopher Cook, Dictionary of Historical Terms (1983)
- The Columbia Enclopedia, fifth edition (1993) p. 2926