François-Marie Arouet (French: [fʁɑ̃.swa ma.ʁi aʁ.wɛ]; 21 November 1694 – 30 Mey 1778), kent bi his nom de plume Voltaire (/vlˈtɛər/;[1] French: [vɔl.tɛːʁ]), wis a French Enlichtenment writer, historian, an philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Kirk, an his advocacy o freedom o religion, freedom o expression, an separation o kirk an state.

Portrait bi Nicolas de Largillière, 1718
BornFrançois-Marie Arouet
21 November 1694
Paris, Fraunce
Dee'd30 Mey 1778(1778-05-30) (aged 83)
Paris, Fraunce
Pen nameVoltaire
ThriftWriter, filosofer, playwricht, historian

Voltaire wis a versatile writer, producin warks in awmaist every literary form, includin plays, poems, novelles, essays, an historical an scientific warks. He wrote mair nor 20,000 letters an mair nor 2,000 beuks an pamphlets.[2] He wis an ootspoken advocate o ceevil liberties, despite the risk this placed him in unner the strict censorship laws o the time. As a satirical polemicist, he frequently made uise o his warks tae criticise intolerance, religious dogma, an the French institutions o his day.