The Fowkdemocratic Republic o Yemen — referred tae as Democratic Yemen, Sooth Yemen, Sooth Arabie, or Yemen (Aden) an aw — wis a socialist republic in the present-day soothren an eastren Provinces o Yemen. It unitit wi the Yemen Arab Republic, commonly kent as North Yemen, on Mey 22, 1990 tae form the current Republic o Yemen.

Fowkdemocratic Republic o Yemen

جمهورية اليَمَنْ الديمُقراطية الشَعْبِيّة
Jumhūrīyat Al-Yaman Ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah Ash-Sha'bīyah
Sooth Yemen in 1990.
Sooth Yemen in 1990.
Common leidsArabic
GovrenmentSingle-pairty socialist state
General Secretary 
• 1978–1980
Abdul Fattah Ismail
• 1980–1986
Ali Nasir Muhammad
• 1986–1990
Ali Salim al-Beidh
• 1967–1969
Qahtan al-Shaabi (first)
• 1986–1990
Haidar al-Attas (last)
Prime Meenister 
• 1969
Faysal al-Shaabi
• 1969–1971
Muhammad Ali Haitham
• 1971–1985
Ali Nasir Muhammad
• 1985–1986
Haidar al-Attas
• 1986–1990
Yasin Said Numan
LegislaturSupreme Fowkcooncil
Historical eraCauld War
30 November 1967
14 December 1967
31 October 1978
22 Mey
1990360,133 km2 (139,048 sq mi)
• 1990
CurrencySooth Yemeni dinar
Time zoneUTC+3
Cawin code969
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Federation o Sooth Arabie
Protectorate o Sooth Arabie
Mahra Sultanate

Unification eedit

Unlik East Germany an Wast Germany or North Korea an Sooth Korea, the northren Yemen Arab Republic (YAR) an the PDRY remained relatively friendly, tho relations wur aften strained. In 1972 it wis declared unification wad eventually occur.

Housomeivver, thir plans wur put on hauld in 1979, an war wis ae preventit bi an Arab League intervention. The goal o unity wis reaffirmed bi the northren an soothren heids o state durin a summit meetin in Kuwait in Mairch 1979.

In 1980, PDRY preses Abdul Fattah Ismail resigned an went intae exile. His successor, Ali Nasir Muhammad, teuk a less interventionist stance toward baith North Yemen an neighbourin Oman. On Januar 13, 1986, a violent struggle began in Aden atween Ali Nasir's supporters an supporters o the returned Ismail, who wantit pouer back. Fechtin lastit for mair nor a month an resultit in thoosans o casualties, Ali Nasir's ouster, an Ismail's daith. Some 60,000 fowk, includin the deposed Ali Nasir, fled tae the YAR. Ali Salim al-Beidh, an ally o Ismail who haed succeedit in escapin the attack on pro-Ismail members o the Politburo, then became General Secretary o the Yemeni Socialist Pairty.

In Mey 1988, the YAR an PDRY governments came tae an unnerstandin that considerably reduced tensions includin agreement tae renew discussions concernin unification, tae establish a joint ile exploration aurie alang thair undefined border, tae demilitarize the border, an tae allae Yemenis unrestrictit border passage on the basis o anerlie a naitional identification card.

Economy eedit

Thare wis little industrial ootput, or mineral wealth exploitation, in Sooth Yemen, till the mid-1980s, follaein the discovery o significant petroleum reserves in the central regions near Shibam an Mukalla. The main soorces o income wur agricultur, maistly fruit, cereal crops, cattle an sheep, fishin an later, ile exports.

The naitional budget wis 13.43 million dinars in 1976, an the gross naitional product wis USD $150 million. The tot naitional debt wis $52.4 million.