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Punjab (pronounced /pənˈdʒɑːb/ (deprecatit template); Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬ (Gurmukhi)) is a state in the northwast o the Republic o Indie, formin pairt o the lairger Punjab region. The state is bordered bi the Indie states o Himachal Pradesh tae the east, Haryana tae the sooth an sootheast an Rajasthan tae the soothwast as well as the Pakistani province o Punjab tae the wast, it is an aa bundit tae the north bi Jammu an Kashmir. The state caipital is Chandigarh. Major ceeties o Punjab includes Mohali, Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Bathinda, Patiala an Jalandhar.

Map of Punjab
Map of Punjab
Banner o Punjab
Offeecial seal o Punjab
Nickname(s): Land o Five Rivers
Location o Punjab in Indie
Location o Punjab in Indie
Clockwise frae top: Harmandir Sahib, Quila Mubarak, Gandhi Bhavan, Wagah Border, Jallianwala Bagh Memorial
Clockwise frae top: Harmandir Sahib, Quila Mubarak, Gandhi Bhavan, Wagah Border, Jallianwala Bagh Memorial
Coordinates (chandigarh): 30°47′N 76°47′E / 30.79°N 76.78°E / 30.79; 76.78
Kintra  Indie
Established 1966-11-01
Caipital Chandigarh
Lairgest ceety Amritsar
Destricts 22
 • Govrenor Shivraj Patil[1]
 • Chief Meenister Parkash Singh Badal (SAD)
 • Legislatur Unicameral (117 seats)
 • Parliamentary constituency 13
 • Heich Court Punjab an Haryana Heich Court
 • Total 50,362 km2 (19,445 sq mi)
Aurie rank 19t
Population (2011)[2]
 • Tot 27,704,236
 • Density 550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-PB
HDI Increase 0.679 (medium)
HDI rank 9th (2005)
Literacy 76.68%
Offeecial leids Punjabi

Efter the pairtition o Indie in 1947, the Punjab province o Breetish Indie wis dividit atween Indie an Pakistan. The Indie Punjab wis dividit in 1966 wi the formation o the new states o Haryana an Himachal Pradesh as well as the current state o Punjab. Punjab is the anerlie state in Indie wi a majority Sikh population.[3]

Agricultur is the lairgest industry in Punjab; it is the lairgest single provider o wheat tae Indie. Other major industries include the manufacturin o scientific instruments, watter meter, electrical guids, financial services, machine tuils, textiles, sewing machines, sports guids, starch, tourism, fertilisers, bicycles, garments, an the processin o pine ile an succar. Punjab an aa haes the lairgest number o steel rolling mill plants in Indie which are locatit in steel toun Mandi Gobindgarh, destrict Fatehgarh Sahib.


The wird Punjab is a combination o the Persian wirds پنج panj (five) and آب āb (water), an thus the (land o) five rivers. The name is an aa sometimes spelled as Panjab or Punjaab.

Regions an destrictsEedit

Destricts o Punjab alang wi their heidquarters

The aurie o Punjab can be dividit intae:

  • Malwa is a region o Punjab sooth tae river satluj. The Malwa aurie makes up majority o the Punjab region consistin 11 destricts. Ceeties such as Ludhiana, Patiala, Sangrur, Bhatinda an Mohali locatit in the Malwa region. Malwa is an aa famous for cotton fermin.
  • Majha is a historical region o the Indie Punjab comprisin the modren destricts o Amritsar, Pathankot, Gurdaspur an Tarn Taran. It lies atween rivers Ravi, Beas an the Sutlej. This region is cried hertland o punjab, it is an aa celebratit as being the 'Cradle o Sikhism'.
  • Doaba is the region o Indie Punjab atween the rivers Beas and Sutlej. The name "Doaba" literally translates to "land between two rivers" ("Do" two, "Ab" river; Punjabi). It is ane o the maist fertile regions o the warld, an wis the centre o the Green Revolution in Indie. Tae this day, it remains ane o the lairgest per caipita producers o wheat in the warld. The biggest ceeties in Doaba are Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur, Nawanshahr an Kapurthala.

Admeenistrative diveesionsEedit

The state o Punjab haes 22 destricts which comprise o sub-divesions, tehsils an blocks.

The state caipital o Punjab is Chandigarh. There are 14 ceeties an 157 touns in Punjab. Punjab haes some vera valuable historical, colourful great ceeties. The major ceeties in Punjab are Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Amritsar, Patiala, Mohali, Bathinda, Phagwara. The State o Punjab in wastren Indie is ane o the maist fertile regions o the earth. The ceeties hae rich cultur o self dependence, sel reliance an haurd wirk.


  1. Narayanan appointed as WB Governor, Patil gets Punjab, Hindustan Times, January 16, 2010
  2. Census of India, 2011. Census Data Online, Population.
  3. Sikhs

Freemit airtinsEedit