Saloth Sar (19 Mey 1928 – 15 Aprile 1998), better kent as Pol Pot, (Khmer: ប៉ុល ពត), wis the leader o the Cambodian communist movement kent as the Khmer Rouge[3] an wis Prime Meenister o Democratic Kampuchea frae 1976–1979. His time as the leader o Cambodie, in which he attemptit tae "cleanse" the kintra, resultit in the daiths o an estimatit 1.7 tae 2.5 million fowk.

Pol Pot
Pol Pot in 1978
General Secretary o the Communist Pairty o Kampuchea
In office
Februar 1963 – 1981 (pairty dissolvit)
DeputeNuon Chea (as vice-secretary)
Precedit biTou Samouth
Succeedit biNane (pairty dissolvit)
Prime Meenister o Democratic Kampuchea
In office
14 Aprile 1976 – 27 September 1976
PresesKhieu Samphan
Precedit biKhieu Samphan
Succeedit biNuon Chea
In office
25 October 1976 – 7 Januar 1979
PresesKhieu Samphan Religion: Nane
Precedit biNuon Chea
Succeedit biPen Sovan
Personal details
Born19 Mey 1925(1925-05-19)[1][2]
Kampong Thom Province, French Indocheenae
Dee'd15 Apryle 1998(1998-04-15) (aged 72)
Anlong Veng, Cambodie
Poleetical pairtyCommunist Pairty o Kampuchea
Spoose(s)1) Khieu Ponnary (div.)
2) Mea Son

Pol Pot became leader o Cambodie in mid-1975. Durin his time in pouer, Pol Pot imposed a version o agrarian collectivization, forcin ceety dwellers tae relocate tae the kintraside tae wirk in collective farms an forced labour projects, toward a goal o "restairtin civilization" in a "Year Zero". The combined effects o sclave labour, massacre, an forced starvation resultit in the daiths o approximately 26% o the Cambodian population.[4]

In 1979, efter the invasion o Cambodie bi neighbourin Vietnam in the Cambodian–Vietnamese War, Pol Pot fled intae the jungles o soothwast Cambodie an the Khmer Rouge govrenment collapsed.[5] Frae 1979 tae 1997 he an a remnant o the auld Khmer Rouge operatit frae the mairch region o Cambodie an Thailand, whaur thay clung tae pouer an Unitit Naitions recognition as the richtful govrenment o Cambodie.

Pol Pot dee'd in 1998 while held unner hoose reest bi the Ta Mok faction o the Khmer Rouge. Syne his daith, rumours that he wis pushiont hae persistit.[6]


  1. "BBC – History – Historic Figures: Pol Pot (1925–1998)". BBC. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  2. Chandler, David (23 August 1999). "Pol Pot". Time Magazine. Retrieved February 4, 2011.
  3. "Red Khmer", frae the French rouge "red" (langtime seembol o Communism) an Khmer, the term for ethnic Cambodians.
  5. "Time necropsy". August 23, 1999. Retrieved 2009-02-27.
  6. Horn, Robert (25 March 2002). "Putting a Permanent Lid on Pol Pot". Time Magazine. Retrieved 2008-09-03.