Phineas P. Gage (1823–1860) wis an American railwey construction foreman remembered for his improbable[B1]:19 survival o an accident in that a lairge airn rod wis driven completely throu his heid, destroyin muckle o his harn's left frontal lobe, an for that injure's reportit effects on his personality an behaviour ower the remainin twal years o his life—effects sufficiently profoond (for a time at least) that friends saw him as "na langer Gage." [H]:14
Phineas P. Gage
Gage an his "constant companion"—his inscribed tampin airn—sometime efter 1849, seen in the portrait (identified 2009) that "exploded the common eemage o Gage as a dirty, disheveled misfit." [K]
|Born||Julie 9, 1823 (date uncertain)|
Grafton Coonty, New Hampshire[lower-alpha 1]
|Died||21 Mey 1860 (aged 36)|
In or near San Francisco
Cause o daith
|Kent for||Personality cheenge efter harn injure|
|Hame toun||Lebanon, New Hampshire[lower-alpha 1]|
- Macmillan[M]:14-17,31n5,490-1 discusses Gage's auncestry an early life. The birthdate Julie 9, 1823 is gien bi a Gage genealogy withoot citation,[M]:16 but is consistent wi agreement amang contemporary soorces that Gage wis 25 years auld on the date o his accident, an wi his age (36 years) as gien in unnertaker's records efter his daith in Mey 1860.[M]:108-9 Possible hames in childheid an youth are Lebanon or nearbi East Lebanon, Enfield, an/or Grafton (aw in Grafton Coonty, New Hampshire), tho Harlow refers tae Lebanon in pairteecular as Gage's "native place" [H]:10 an "his hame" [H]:12 (likely that o his parents),[M]:30 tae that Gage returned ten weeks[M2]:C efter his accident.
- Gage, Clyde Van Tassel (1964). John Gage of Ipswich, Mass. and his descendants: an historical, genealogical and biographical record, as developed from sources explained herein. Worcester, N.Y.: C.V. Gage.
- "Incredible, But True Every Word". National Eagle. Claremont, New Hampshire. March 29, 1849. p. 2, col. 2. Reprentit: True Democrat and Granite State Whig (Lebanon, New Hampshire), April 6, 1849, p. 1, col. 7. Transcribed in Macmillan (2000), pp.40–41.
- Harlow (1848), p. 389; Bigelow (1850), p. 13; Harlow (1868), p. 4.
- Macmillan (2000), p. 490; Macmillan (2008), p. 839 (fig.).
- "An iron bar that had been driven through a man's head." Catalog of the Museum, Index, undated. Series XXXIX. Miscellaneous specimens (page 179). RG M-CL02.01 Records of the Warren Anatomical Museum, 1835–2010 (inclusive), 1971–1991 (bulk). Box 10. Folders 6 and 7.
- B.S. Swetland; Doug Sweetland, eds. (March 2003). A partial genealogy of the Swetland/Sweetland/Sweatland Family in America, 1560–2003. pp. xxxiii, 15.
- "Alive from the Dead, Almost". North Star. Danville, Vermont. November 6, 1848. p. 1, col. 2. Transcribed in Macmillan (2000), pp. 39–40.