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Perth or Pairth (Scots Gaelic: Peairt)[3], kent in auld Scots as Sanct Johnstoun, is a ceitie an unwhyl mukkil toun, ceitie aforehaund an ryal burgh in central Scotland. Liggin on the River Tay, it is the heidsteid o the Pairth an Kinross cooncil aurie an the historic coontie toun o Pairthshire. Acordin til a 2008 estimate, Pairth haes 44,820 indwallers.

  • Scots Gaelic: Peairt
  • St John's Toun (auld name)
    The Fair Ceety (nickname)[1]
Ice forming on the Tay - - 1638366.jpg
River Tay runnin throu Perth
Coa Scotland Town Perth big.svg
Coat o airms o Perth
Perth is locatit in Perth and Kinross
Perth shawn within Pairth an Kinross
Population 47,180 (est. 2012), excludin suburbs[2]
OS grid reference NO115235
Cooncil aurie
Lieutenancy aurie
Kintra Scotland
Sovereign state Unitit Kinrick
Post toun PERTH
Postcode destrict PH1-PH3; PH14
Diallin code 01738
Polis Scots
Fire Scots
Ambulance Scots
EU Pairlament Scotland
UK Pairlament
Scots Pairlament
List of places
56°23′49″N 3°26′13″W / 56.397°N 3.437°W / 56.397; -3.437Coordinates: 56°23′49″N 3°26′13″W / 56.397°N 3.437°W / 56.397; -3.437

The toun's name cums frae a Pecht wird for wid or shaw, an links the toun til the Pechts deskreivit bi the Romans. The Pechts syn jynt wi the Scots ti form the kingrik o Alba that haes syn becam kent as Scotland. The name Perth haes syn been uisit for monie ither touns an ceities athort the warld. The maist weil-kent o thaim is Perth, Wastren Australie — cried siclyk at the wiss o Sir George Murray, Secretar o State for War an the Colonies, wha wis born in Pairth. Pairth haes been kent as The Fair Ceitie sin the publication o the storie Fair Maid of Perth bi Scots writer Sir Walter Scott in 1828. Durin the medieval eild the toun wis cried St John's Toun or Saint Johnstoun, in referenss til the toun's main kirk dedicated til St John the Baptist. The name is aye preservit in the toun's fitbaa club, cried St Johnstone.

Perth railwey station is the terminus o the Highland Main Line.


  1. Graham-Campbell Perth: The Fair City pp1–2
  2. "Mid-2012 Populations Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". Retrieved 28 November 2014. 
  3. Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba ~ Gaelic Place-Names of Scotland