Oskemen (Kazakh: Өскемен / Öskemen), or Ust-Kamenogorsk (Roushie: Усть-Каменогорск) an Ust-Kamennaya (Roushie: Усть-Каменная, till 1868), is the caipital o the East Kazakhstan Province. It is served bi the Ust-Kamenogorsk Airport.


Banner o Ust-Kamenogorsk
Official seal of Ust-Kamenogorsk
Ust-Kamenogorsk is located in Kazakhstan
Location in Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 49°59′N 82°37′E / 49.983°N 82.617°E / 49.983; 82.617
ProvinceEast Kazakhstan Province
Incorporatit (ceety)1868
 • Akim (mayor)Temirbek Kasyimzhanov
 • Total540 km2 (210 sq mi)
 • Total288,660
Time zoneUTC+6 (BTT)
Postal code
Area code(s)+7 7232
Vehicle registrationF, 16



Foondit in 1720 at the confluence o the Irtysh an Ulba rivers as a fort an tradin post namit Ust-Kamennaya.[2] The ceety wis established in 1720 accordin tae the order o the Roushie Emperor Peter the Great, who sent a militar expedition heidit bi major Ivan Vasilievich Likharev in the search o Yarkenda gowd. Likharev’s expedition directit up the Irtysh river tae Zaysan Lake. Thare, at the confluence o the Ulba an the Irtysh rivers the new fortress wis laid – the Ust-Kamennaya Fortress. The Ust-Kamennaya Fortress appeared on the cairt o the Roushie Empire, the vera soothren end o the Irtysh line.[3] In 1868 the ceety became the caipital o the Semipalatinsk Oblast. It wis the steid o Georgy Malenkov's 30-year internal exile, durin which he managed a local hydroelectric plant.[4]

The ceety developed intae a major minin an metallurgical center durin the Soviet period. Minin o non-ferrous metals, especially uranium, beryllium, tantalum, copper, leid, siller an zinc remain important. It is a center for the construction industry producin manufactured hoosin an ferroconcrete articles. The post-war industrial history o the ceety is vera closely intertwined wi the Soviet nuclear bomb project, an the ceey wis therefore kept closed tae ootsiders. Ane o the main industrial enterprises, the Ulba Metal Works (UMW) which produced an still produce uranium products, wis kept entirely secret despite it employin thoosans o wirkers. An explosion at the UMW's beryllium production line in 1990 led tae the diffusion o a heichlie toxic beryllium-containin "cloud" ower the ceety. The health effects o this incident are no entirely kent, pairtly due tae the fact that the incident wis kept secret bi the Soviet authorities.



Unner the name o the Ust-Kamenogorsk Lock, the heichest lock in the warld lies at Ablaketka whaur it allous river traffic tae pass aroond a hydroelectric dam on the Irtysh river. It haes a drop o mair nor 40m.[5]

Syne the openin o the Three Gorges locks, the upper lock o that five-lock cascade is theoretically on a par wi this lock, but its full drop will be uised anerlie in extreme cases, while the Ust-Kamenogorsk lock is designed for permanent uise at this heicht.




Mosque in Oskemen

There are 32 releegious unions, presentin 15 releegious confessions includin Muslim, Christian an non-traditional releegions. There are 21 cultural biggins in the ceety: amang them mosques an Orthodox Christian kirks.[7]



Notable residents


See also



  1. "Cities & towns of Kazakhstan". Pop-stat.mashke.org. 25 Februar 2009. Retrieved 25 Januar 2011.
  2. Encyclopedia Britannica on-line
  3. "Информация о городе". www.oskemen.kz. Archived frae the original on 23 September 2009. Retrieved 25 Januar 2011.
  4. Monday, Jul. 22, 1957 (22 Julie 1957). "RUSSIA: The Quick & the Dead". TIME. Archived frae the original on 1 November 2011. Retrieved 1 August 2010.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors leet (link)
  5. "Latest". Waterways World. Archived frae the original on 26 Julie 2011. Retrieved 1 August 2010.
  6. "Спартакиада-2009. - Фотоальбом - Сайт болельщиков ХК "Акжайык"". Akghaik.ucoz.ru. 18 Mairch 2007. Retrieved 1 August 2010.
  7. "Domestic policy". www.oskemen.kz. 19 Apryle 2001. Archived frae the original on 22 Julie 2011. Retrieved 25 Januar 2011.

Freemit airtins


Template:East Kazakhstan Province

Coordinates: 49°59′N 82°37′E / 49.983°N 82.617°E / 49.983; 82.617