Nicosia, Sicily

Nicosia (Sicilian: Nicusìa) is a veelage an comune o the province o Enna in Sicily, soothren Italy. Nicosia, alang wi Troina are the northmaist touns in the province o Enna. The vicinity tradeetionally contained are salt mines an arable launds.

Nicosia
Comune di Nicosia
Toun haw
Toun haw
Nicosia is locatit in Italy
Nicosia
Nicosia
Location o Nicosia in Italy
Coordinates: 37°45′N 14°24′E / 37.750°N 14.400°E / 37.750; 14.400
KintraItaly
RegionSicily
ProvinceEnna (EN)
FrazioniVilladoro
Govrenment
 • MayorAntonello Catania (syne 28 Mey 2007)
Area
 • Total217 km2 (84 sq mi)
Elevation
724 m (2,375 ft)
Population
 • Total14,824
 • Density68/km2 (180/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Nicosiani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
94014
Dialin code0935
Patron sauntNicholas o Bari
Saunt dayDecember 6
WebsiteOffeecial wabsteid

HistoryEedit

The oreegin o Nicosia is uncertain; Engio, Erbita an Imachara are the three ceeties o antiquity wi which historians hae attemptit tae identifee Nicosia wi, but thare is nae evidence that the mentioned touns are in fact Nicosia. The present name o the toun suggests Greek oreegins: it is believit tae get its name frae Saunt Nicholas (Νίκου Οίκος). Anither theory suggests its a derivative o the Greek sayin "Ceety o Victory" (Νίκης Οίκος). The toun is believit tae staund on the steid o the auncient Engynum. The modren toun wis foondit bi Byzantine colonists in 6th century. It expandit unner the Arab domination an later unner that o the Normans, who settled numerous immigrants frae Lombardy an Piemont, cried "Lombards", givin rise tae the Gallo-Italic dialect still spoken in the toun an surroonds. King William II made Nicosia a ryal ceety. It played a important strategic role, favoured bi its position haufwey atween Palermo an Messina. It aften gave hospitality tae important figurs, includin Emperor Charles V.

Main sichtsEedit

  • The Cathedral, built in 14t century ower a pre-existin Norman edifice, is dedicatit tae St. Nicholas. The façade haes a notewirthy 15t-century portal, while the interior hooses a pentin bi Jusepe de Ribera. The campanile is frae the 13t century.
  • Santa Maria Maggiore contains a 16t-century holy watter stoup, the throne o Charles V, a fine marble polyptych bi Antonello Gagini.
  • Kirk o St. Benedict (14t century)
  • San Biagio haes pentins bi Giuseppe Velasquez an a triptych bi Antonello Gagini.
  • The Kirk o the Carmine boasts an Annunciation bi Antonello Gagini.
  • The kirk o San Salvatore.

Thare are remains o the Castle, in the upper pairt o the toun.

Athin the diocese is the auncient ceety o Troina, which shoud hae been episcopal vues frae 1087 tae 1090.

See an awEedit