Mondulkiri Province

Mondulkiri (Khmer: មណ្ឌលគិរី, IPA: [mɔn ˌdɔːl ki ˈriː] literally: "Muntain o the Mandala.") is a province (khaet) o Cambodie. Bordering the provinces o Kratie tae the wast, Stung Treng tae the northwast, Ratanakiri tae the north an the kintra o Vietnam tae the east an sooth, it is the maist spairsely populatit province in the kintra despite being the lairgest in land aurie. The caipital is the toun o Senmonorom.

Mondulkiri

មណ្ឌលគិរី
Tourists at Bou Sra Watterfaw.
Tourists at Bou Sra Watterfaw.
Map o Cambodie heichlichtin Mondulkiri
Map o Cambodie heichlichtin Mondulkiri
Coordinates: 12°27′N 107°14′E / 12.450°N 107.233°E / 12.450; 107.233
Kintra Cambodie
CaipitalSen Monorom
Area
 • Total14288 km2 (5,517 sq mi)
Population
 (2008)[1]
 • Total60,811
 • Density4.3/km2 (11/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+07
Dialin code+855
ISO 3166 codeKH-11
Destricts5
Communes21
Veelages98

Geografie an environmentEedit

 
Dense forests of Mondulkiri Province.

Mondulkiri is kent for its forestit hills an pouerful watterfaws. Some watterfaws include:

  • Bou Sra Watterfaw. Locatit at Pich Chinda Destrict, 43 kilometers frae Senmonorom toun, Bou Sra is the lairgest watterfaw, made famous bi a popular Khmer sang in Mondulkiri.
  • Senmonorom Watterfaw. Five kilometers frae toun an an easy walk, Senmonorom watterfaw is no hintle tae leuk at an uised tae be a nice picnic spot till the construction o a Japanese built hydro electric pouer station that cut the flow o watter.
  • Romnea Watterfaw. Ten kilometers frae Senmonorom, Romnea watterfaw is actually 1 o 3 lairge watterfaws that haes nou been deforestit an privatisit.

Mondulkiri faces a significant threat frae illegal loggers attemptin tae exploit the aurie's virgin forests.[2]

DestrictsEedit

The province is subdividit intae 5 destricts, which are further subdivided into 21 communes and 98 villages.

DemograficsEedit

Aichty percent o Mondulkiri's population is made up o ten tribal minorities, wi the majority o them being Pnong. The remainin 20 percent are Khmer, Cheenese, an Muslims Cham.

Economy an transportationEedit

The population lives aff the land, plantin rice, fruit trees, an a variety o vegetables. Ithers grow strawberries, coffee, rubber, an cashew nuts.

Road development continues tae impact seriously on indigenous commonties like the Pnong ethnic group. Accordin tae a Unitit Naitions paper, the construction o a road frae Mondulkiri tae Ratanakiri haes resultit in massive land grabbin.[3]

CulturEedit

Although mair an mair hooses are built in 'Khmer style', traditional Phnong hooses can still be foond. Pnong hooses contain lairge jars (which are said tae be mair nor a thoosan year auld) an traditional gongs. Thare are various gongs uised at different occasions. Jars an gongs are amang the maist valuable possessions o indigenous commonties baith in traditional an spiritual as well as material terms. Durin the times o Pol Pot those objects wur buriet in hidden places in the jungle an in mony cases they still wait in the grund.

LocationEedit

ReferencesEedit

  1. "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008.
  2. Illegal Logging in Mondulkiri – a Test Case for Forest Sector Law Enforcement, Global Witness.
  3. Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, Economic and Social Council, United Nations.

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