Manchu (Manchu: ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ
manju gisun) is an endangered Tungusic leid spoken in Northeast Cheenae; it uised tae be the native leid o the Manchu, tho nou maist Manchus speak Mandarin Cheenese an thare are fewer nor 70 native an semi-speakers o Manchu oot o a tot o nearly 10 million ethnic Manchus. Altho the Xibe leid, wi 40,000 speakers, is in almaist every respect identical tae Manchu, Xibe speakers, who live in far wastren Xinjiang, are ethnically distinct frae Manchus.[2]

ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ ᡤᡳᠰᡠᠨ manju gisun
Native taeChina
Ethnicity10.7 million Manchus (2000 census)
Native speakers
18 (2007)[1]
  • Soothren
    • Manchu group
      • Manchu
Manchu alphabet (Mongolian script)
Leid codes
ISO 639-2mnc
ISO 639-3mnc
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References eedit

  1. "China's Manchu speakers struggle to save language" (in Inglis). 16 Mairch 2007. Retrieved 18 Julie 2019 – via
  2. Ma, Yin: Die nationalen Minderheiten in China, p. 250. Verlag für fremdsprachige Literatur, Beijing, 1990, ISBN 7-119-00010-1. (in German)