Juan Carlos I o Spain

Juan Carlos I (Spaingie pronunciation: [xwaŋˈkarlos],[a] rarely anglicised as John Charles I; born 5 Januar 1938) wis Keeng o Spain till Juin 19, 2014 when he abdicatit in favour o Felipe VI o Spain.

Juan Carlos I
King Juan Carlos I in 2009
Keeng o Spain (mair)
Ring22 November 1975 – 19 Juin 2014
Enthronement27 November 1975
PredecessorAlfonso XIII (as Keeng)
Alejandro Rodríguez de Valcárcel (Actin Heid o State)
SuccessorFelipe VI
Prime Meenisters
Born (1938-01-05) 5 Januar 1938 (age 86)
Roum, Italy
SpousePrincess Sophia o Greece an Denmark
Infanta Elena, Duchess o Lugo
Infanta Cristina, Duchess o Palma de Mallorca
Felipe VI, Keeng o Spain
Full name
Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón
HooseBourbons o Spain[1][2]
FaitherInfante Juan, Coont o Barcelona
MitherMaría de las Mercedes o the Twa Sicilies
ReleegionRoman Catholicism
SeegnaturJuan Carlos I's signature

General Francisco Franco named Juan Carlos as the next heid o state in 1969.[3] He acame King on 22 November 1975, twa days efter General Francisco Franco's daith, the first reignin monarch syne 1931. Suin efter bein crouned, Juan Carlos introduced reforms tae dismantle the Francoist regime an begin the Spaingie transition tae democracy. This led tae the approval o the Spaingie Constitution o 1978 in a referendum, which established a constitutional monarchy. Juan Carlos an aa played a major role in stoppin the 1981 coup attempt.

Accordin tae the Spaingie Constitution, the monarch is the heid-o-state an commander-in-chief o the Spaingie Airmed Forces[4][5] an an aa plays a role in promotin Ibero-American relations, the "naitions o its historical community".[4][5] In this capacity, the King o Spain serves as the preses o the Ibero-American States Organization, representin ower 700,000,000 fowk in 24 member naitions warldwide. In 2008 he wis considered the maist popular leader in aw Ibero-Americae.[6] Accordin tae recent polls, houiver, the King an Croun o Spain are nae widely approved o bi Spaniards.[7][8]

Notes eedit

  1. In ither leids of Spain, the name o the Keeng Juan Carlos I is adaptit as:

References eedit

  1. "His Majesty the King Juan Carlos". The Royal Household of His Majesty the King.
  2. The English language version of the Official Royal Family website is rendered as Borbon, while in Spanish it is Borbón
  3. "Those Apprentice Kings and Queens Who May – One Day – Ascend a Throne," New York Times. 14 November 1971.
  4. a b Título II. De la Corona, Wikisource
  5. a b Title II, Article 56, Subsection 1, Text:
    The King is Head of State, the symbol of its unity and permanence. He arbitrates and moderates the regular functioning of the institutions, assumes the highest representation of the Spanish State in international relations, especially with the nations of its historical community, and exercises the functions expressly conferred on him by the Constitution and the laws
    El Rey es el Jefe del Estado, símbolo de su unidad y permanencia, arbitra y modera el funcionamiento regular de las instituciones, asume la más alta representación del Estado español en las relaciones internacionales, especialmente con las naciones de su comunidad histórica, y ejerce las funciones que le atribuyen expresamente la Constitución y las leyes
  6. Juan Carlos most popular leader in Ibero-America (Spanish)
  7. (in Spaingie) El apoyo al Rey se desploma, sobre todo entre los jóvenes, El País
  8. (in Spaingie) La Monarquía obtiene la peor nota de su historia: 3,68 (sobre 10). El País.

Freemit airtins eedit