Japanese leid

leid spak on the island kintra o Japan, in Eastren Asie

Japanese (日本語 "Nihon-go" or "Nippon-go" in Japanese) is the leid spak on the island kintra o Japan, in Eastren Asie.

Japanese
日本語
Nihongo
Nihongo.svg
"Nihongo" ("Japanese")
in Japanese script
Pronunciation/nihoɴɡo/: [ɲ̟ihõŋɡo]
Native taeJapan
EthnicityJapanese (Yamato)
Native speakers
~128 mulȝeon (2020)[1]
Japonic
  • Japanese
Early forms
Old Japanese
Signed Japanese
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in
 Japan (de facto)
Recognised minority
leid in
Leid codes
ISO 639-1ja
ISO 639-2jpn
ISO 639-3jpn
Glottolognucl1643  leain oot Hachijo[2]
Linguasphere45-CAA-a
This article contains IPA phonetic seembols. Withoot proper renderin support, ye mey see quaisten merks, boxes, or ither seembols insteid o Unicode chairacters. For an introductory guide on IPA seembols, see Help:IPA.

Japan haes juist the five vouel soonds. They are /a/, /i/, /u/, /e/, /o/. Japanese haes juist the ae soond atween L an R, insteid o the twa soonds that Scots haes. That's hou it's difficult for mony Japanese fowk tae say the Scots 'R' an 'L'. Japanese haes a soond no aft foond in Scots that's for ordinar wrat Tsu. Forby thon, vouels can be baith short or lang. For example, benkyousuru (勉強する)(tae study) haes a lang "o".

In Japanese, the verb comes at the end o the sentence, an the subject's at the beginnin. The subject is aften implee'd bi the context an can be left oot.

In Japanese, Japan is cried Nihon (日本), an the Japanese leid is cried Nihongo (日本語) (-go means leid). Whiles the wirds Nippon and Nippongo is uised an aw; these wirds is thocht o as mair nationalist the nou, while Nihon is a mair neutral wird.

Writin seestemEdit

The Japanese leid uises three writin seestems, kanji (漢字), katakana (カタカナ) an hiragana (ひらがな). Katakana is for writin soond effecs an wirds fae ootwi o Japan. Hiragana is for writin wirds fae inside Japan. Baith writin seestems haes seembols that means a seelable. Katakana haes strauchter lips an shairper neuks nor hiragana. Hiragana haes mair bowes nor katakana.

The third wey tae write, cried kanji (漢字), whaur ilka wird or idea haes a pictur chairacter taen fae Cheenese. For tae can read Japanese newspapers, students maun learn 2 ,136 kanji. Mony kanji is made fae mair smaw, sempler kanji. Kanji haes unalike soonds whan uised in unalike weys, but ilka kanji still haes anerly certaint weys it can be read.

Written Japanese disna hae spaces atween wirds, sae kanji helps sinder wirds in a sentence.

Japanese can be wrat in twa weys:

  1. Fae left tae richt, muivin fae the tap tae the dowp o the page (same as in Scots).
  2. Fae tap tae dowp, muivin fae the richt tae the left o the page.

Sentences in Japanese is makkit like this: subject, object, verb. For example, A ate an aiple the day (今日、私はりんごを食べました) wad be in this order The day, A an aiple ate.

ExamplesEdit

Here's some examples o Japanese wirds :

  • 人 (hito) : body
  • 女 (onna) : wifie
  • 男 (otoko) : man
  • 子 (ko) : bairn
  • 水 (mizu) : watter
  • こんにちは (konnichiwa) : hello (in the mids o the day or efternuin)
  • さようなら (sayounara) : guidbye
  • はい (hai) : aye
  • いいえ (iie) : no

Fremmit airtinsEdit

  1. "Världens 100 största språk 2010" (The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2010), in Nationalencyklopedin
  2. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Japanese". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.