James Connolly (Erse: Séamas Ó Conghaile;[1] 5 Juin 1868 – 12 Mey 1916) wis an Erse socialist heid yin. He wis born in the Coogate in Embra, Scotland, an spake wi a Scots accent his hail life.

James Connolly
James Connolly2.jpg
Connolly in c. 1900
Born5 Juin 1868(1868-06-05)
Cowgate, Edinburgh, Scotland
Dee'd12 Mey 1916(1916-05-12) (aged 47)
Kilmainham Gaol, Dublin, Ireland
Buried atArbour Hill Preeson, Dublin
AllegianceErse Ceetizen Airmy
Erse Labour Pairty
Erse Republic
Erse Socialist Republican Pairty
Socialist Labour Pairty
Social Democratic Federation
Industrial Wirkers o the Warld
Erse Socialist Federation
Years o service1913–1916
RankCommandant General
Battles/warsEaster Risin

Socialist activityEedit

In ScotlandEedit

As a young loon aged 14, he jyned the Breetish Airmy, maistly sae he coud spy on the Brits an support the Erse cause during the Land War. Efter this, he jynt a mix o perties an associated wi characters lik Keir Hardie, Eleanor Marx (Karl's wean), Henry Hyndman, William Morris.

In the USAEedit

Fae 1903 til 1910 he bided in the USA, far he wis associated wi groups led bi Daniel De Leon an Eugene Debs, sic as "the Wobblies".

In EireEedit

Fae 1910 til his daith in 1916 he bided in Eire, far he led the Irish Transport and General Workers' Union thegither wi Jim Larkin. Thay an aw stertit the Erse Citizen Airmy. In 1916 thay jyned up wi mair nationalist forces tae fecht the Breetish Empire in the Easter Rising in Dublin. Efter this failed revolt, Connolly wis executit, alang wi ither heidbummers o the uprising. Ultimately thir executions led onto the Irish Civil Waar, an the formation o the Irish Free State.

InfluenceEedit

Influenced bi the praxis o Connolly, Scots socialist John Maclean merged socialism, republicanism an Scots nationalism.

Roddy Connolly, the son o James, wis a delegate at the Second Congress o the Third International, which teuk place in Petrograd an Moscow in the Soviet Republic during 1920.

ReferencesEedit

  1. Ó Cathasaigh, Aindrias. 1996. An Modh Conghaileach: Cuid sóisialachais Shéamais Uí Chonghaile. Dublin: Coiscéim, passim