Helwan ([حلوان Ḥilwān] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)), an aa spelled Hilwan or Hulwan or Holwan, is a ceety in Egyp on the bank o the Nile river, opposite the ruins o Memphis. Oreeginally a soothren suburb o Cairo, it served as the caipital o the nou defunct Helwan Govrenorate frae Aprile 2008 tae Aprile 2011, efter which it wis re-incorporatit intae the Cairo Govrenorate. The kism o Helwan haed a population o 643,327 at the 2006 population census.[1]

Ḥilwān

حلوان

Helwan
Ceety
Ḥilwān is locatit in Egypt
Ḥilwān
Ḥilwān
Location in Egyp
Coordinates: 29°51′N 31°20′E / 29.850°N 31.333°E / 29.850; 31.333
Kintra Egyp
GovrenorateCairo
Population
 (2006)
 • Total643,327
Time zoneUTC+2 (EST)

HistoryEedit

The Khedivial Astronomical Observatory wis built here 1903-1904, an wis uised tae observe Halley's comet. The Behman Hospital, Egyp's auldest an lairgest private psychiatric clinic, wis built there in 1939.

Durin the early pairt o the 20t century, the ceety wis the site o RAF Helwan, a major Breetish airbase, which wis later uised bi the Egyptian Air Force.

In Aprile 2008, pairts o the admeenistrative diveesion o the Cairo govrenorate wis split intae twa, Cairo an Helwan, wi Helwan encompassin maist o the suburbs o Cairo, new compunds an rural soothren veelages. Helwan became the caipital o the new Helwan Govrenorate. Follaein the dissolution o the Helwan Govrenorate in Aprile 2011, the ceety o Helwan wis reincorporatit intae the Cairo Govrenorate.

EconomyEedit

Local industry includes iron, steel, textiles an cement. The aurie haes hot sulphur springs, an astronomical observatory, the Helwan University an a burial chamber (discovered in 1946). It is the terminus o the Cairo's licht rail Metro Line 1.

DestrictsEedit

The Helwan govrenorate bundary includes the follaein destricts: Maadi, Helwan, 15t o Mey, El-Sherouk ceety, El-Obour ceety, Badr ceety, New Cairo destricts such as Madinaty, El-Rehab ceety, the Fift compund destrict (El-Tagammu' El-Khames).

The ceety o Helwan itsel includes destricts such as Wadi Hof, Hadayek Helwan, an Maasara.

See an aaEedit

Freemit airtinsEedit

ReferencesEedit

  1. Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics, Population and Housing Census 2006, Population distribution by sex, gov: Cairo Archived 2008-12-11 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 2008-04-01.

Coordinates: 29°51′N 31°20′E / 29.850°N 31.333°E / 29.850; 31.333