Fortran (umwhile FORTRAN, derived frae "Formula Translation"[2][3]) is a general-purpose, imperative programmin leid that is especially suitit tae numeric computation an scientific computin.

Fortran acs cover.jpeg
The Fortran Automatic Coding System for the IBM 704 (15 October 1956), the first Programmer's Reference Manual for Fortran
Paradigm(s)multi-paradigm: structurt, imperative (procedural, object-orientit), generic
Appeared in1957; 63 years ago (1957)
Designed biJohn Backus
DeveloperJohn Backus an IBM
Stable releaseFortran 2008 (ISO/IEC 1539-1:2010) (2010; 10 years ago (2010))
Typin disciplinestrang, static, manifest
Major implementationsAbsoft, Cray, GFortran, G95, IBM XL Fortran, Intel, Hitachi, Lahey/Fujitsu, Numerical Algorithms Group, Open Watcom, PathScale, PGI, Silverfrost, Oracle Solaris Studio, Visual Fortran, ithers
Influenced biSpeedcodin
InfluencedALGOL 58, BASIC, C, Chapel,[1] CMS-2, Julia, PL/I, PACT I, MUMPS an Ratfor
Usual filename extensions.f, .for, .f90, .f95, .f03, .f08, .f15


  1. "Chapel spec (Acknowledgements)" (PDF). Cray Inc. 2015-10-01. Retrieved 2016-01-14.
  2. "FORTRAN". American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5 ed.). The Free Dictionary. 2011. Retrieved 2016-02-08.
  3. Lucy Joan Slater, More Fortran programs for economists, Cambridge University Press, 1972.