American multinaitional technology an consultin corporation, wi heidquarters in Armonk, New York, Unitit States

Internaitional Business Machines Corporation, or IBM, is an American multinaitional technology an consultin corporation, wi heidquarters in Armonk, New York, Unitit States. IBM manufactures an mercats computer hardware an saftware, an offers infrastructur, hostin an consultin services in auries rangin frae mainframe computers tae nanotechnology.[3]

Internaitional Business Machines Corporation
Treddit asNYSEIBM
Dow Jones Industrial Average Component
S&P 500 Component
IndustrieComputer hardware, Computer saftware,
IT services, IT consultin
FoonditEndicott, New York, U.S.
(16 Juin 1911 (1911-06-16))
FoonderCharles Ranlett Flint
HeidquartersArmonk, New York, U.S.
Area served
Key fowk
Ginni Rometty
(Chairman, Preses, an CEO)
ProductsSee IBM products
RevenueDecrease US$ 79.919 billion (2016)[1]
Decrease US$ 13.031 billion (2016)[1]
Decrease US$ 11.872 billion (2016)[1]
Tot assetsIncrease US$ 117.47 billion (2016)[1]
Tot equityIncrease US$ 18.392 billion (2016)[1]
Nummer o employees
380,000 (2016)[2]
DiveesionsFinancin, Hardware, Services, Saftware

The company wis foondit in 1911 as the Computin Tabulatin Recordin Company (CTR) throu a merger o three companies: the Tabulatin Machine Company, the Internaitional Time Recordin Company, an the Computin Scale Company.[4][5] CTR adoptit the name Internaitional Business Machines in 1924, uisin a name previously designatiy tae CTR's subsidiar in Canadae an later Sooth Americae. Security analysts nicknamed IBM Big Blue in recognition o IBM's common uise o blue in products, packagin, an logo.[6]

In 2012, Fortune ranked IBM the #2 lairgest U.S. firm in terms o nummer o employees (433,362),[7] the #4 lairgest in terms o mercat caipitalization,[8] the #9 maist profitable,[9] an the #19 lairgest firm in terms o revenue.[10] Globally, the company wis ranked the #31 lairgest in terms o revenue bi Forbes for 2011.[11][12] Ether rankins for 2011/2012 include #1 company for leaders (Fortune), #1 green company warldwide (Newsweek), #2 baist global brand (Interbrand), #2 maist respectit company (Barron's), #5 maist admired company (Fortune), an #18 maist innovative company (Fast Company).[13]

IBM haes 12 research laboratories warldwide an, as o 2013, haes held the record for maist patents generatit bi a company for 20 consecutive years.[14] Its employees hae garnered five Nobel Prizes, sax Turing Awairds, ten Naitional Medals o Technology, an five Naitional Medals o Science.[15] Notable inventions bi IBM include the automatit teller machine (ATM), the floppy disk, the hard disk drive, the magnetic stripe card, the relational database, the Universal Product Code (UPC), the financial swap, SABRE airline reservation seestem, DRAM, an Watson artifeecial intelligence.

The company haes unnergone several organizational chynges syne its inception, acquirin companies sic as Kenexa (2012) an SPSS (2009) an organisations sic as PwC's consultin business (2002), spinnin aff companies lik Lexmark (1991), an sellin aff product lines lik ThinkPad tae Lenovo (2005).


  1. a b c d e "IBM Corporation Financials Statements". United States Securities and Exchange Commission.
  2. "2016 IBM Annual Report" (PDF).
  3. "Nanotechnology & Nanoscience". Archived frae the original on 27 December 2009. Retrieved 4 Mey 2013.
  4. "IBM Archives: Frequently Asked Questions" (PDF).
  5. Bennett, Frank P. (1911). United States Investor. 22, Part 1. p. 1025. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  6. Simmons, William W. (1988). Inside IBM: The Watson Years, A Personal Memoir. Dorrance & Co. p. 137.
  7. "Fortune 500: IBM employees". Fortune. 2012. Retrieved 7 Mey 2012.
  8. "Fortune 500: IBM employees". Fortune. 2012. Retrieved 7 Mey 2012.
  9. "Fortune 20 most profitable companies: IBM". Fortune. 2012. Retrieved 7 Mey 2012.
  10. "Fortune 500: IBM". Fortune. 2012. Retrieved 7 Mey 2012.
  11. "The World's Biggest Public Companies". Forbes. Retrieved 7 Juin 2011.
  12. "IBM". Forbes. Retrieved 7 Juin 2011.
  13. "IBM rankings". Ranking the Brands. Archived frae the original on 18 August 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2010.
  14. "IBM Granted Most U.S. Patents for 20th Straight Year". 10 Januar 2013.
  15. "Awards & Achievements". IBM. Retrieved 23 Mey 2012.
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