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Empress Dowager Cixi1 (an aa romanised as Empress Dowager Tzu-hsi; Cheenese: 慈禧太后; pinyin: Cíxǐ Tàihòu; Wade–Giles: Tz'u2-hsi3 T'ai4-hou4; Mandarin pronunciation: [tsʰ̌̌ɨ̌ɕì tʰâɪ̯ xɤ̂ʊ̯]; Manchu: Tsysi taiheo; 29 November 1835 – 15 November 1908), o the Manchu Yehenara clan, wis a Cheenese empress dowager an regent who effectively controlled the Cheenese govrenment in the late Qing dynasty for 47 years frae 1861 till her daith in 1908.

Empress Dowager Cixi
慈禧太后
The Ci-Xi Imperial Dowager Empress (5).JPG
Regent o Qing Cheenae
Regency 11 November 1861 – 15 November 1908
Co-regent Empress Dowager Ci'an
(1861–81)
Monarchs Tongzhi Emperor (1861–75)
Guangxu Emperor (1875–1908)
Empress Dowager o Qing Cheenae
Tenur 22 August 1861 – 15 November 1908
Co-dowager Empress Dowager Ci'an
(1861–81)
Born 29 November 1835(1835-11-29)
Dee'd 15 November 1908(1908-11-15) (aged 72)
Haw o Graceful Bird, Zhongnanhai, Beijing, Qing Empire
Issue Tongzhi Emperor
Posthumous name
Short: Empress Xiao-Qin Xian Tsu 孝欽顯皇后
Full: Empress Xiao-Qin Ci-Xi Duan-You Kang-Yi Zhao-Yu Zhuang-Cheng Shou-Gong Qin-Xian Chong-Xi Pei-Tian Xing-Sheng Xian 孝欽慈禧端佑康頤昭豫莊誠壽恭欽獻崇熙配天興聖顯皇后
Hoose Hoose o Aisin Gioro (bi marriage)
Faither Yehenara Huizheng
Mither Lady Fuca