Chiang Mai (Thai: เชียงใหม่ (help·info), IPA: [tɕʰiəŋ màj], Lanna) sometimes written as "Chiengmai" or "Chiangmai", is the lairgest an maist culturally significant ceety in northren Thailand, an is the caipital o Chiang Mai Province. It is locatit 700 km (435 mi) north o Bangkok, amang the heichest muntains in the kintras. The ceety is on the Ping river, a major tributary o the Chao Phraya river.
In recent years, Chiang Mai haes become an increasingly modren ceety an attracts approximately 1 million visitors each year. Chiang Mai gained prominence in the poleetical sphere in Mey 2006, when the Chiang Mai Initiative wis concludit here atween the ASEAN naitions an the "+3" kintras (Cheenae, Japan, an the Republic o Korea). Chiang Mai's historic importance derived frae its strategic location on the Ping river an major trade routes. The ceety haes lang been a major center for haundcraftit guids, umberellaes, jewelry (particularly siller) an widcairvin.
While offeecially the ceety (thesaban nakhon) o Chiang Mai ae covers maist pairts o the Mueang Chiang Mai destrict wi a population o 150,000, the urban sprawl o the ceety nou extends intae several neighborin destricts. This Chiang Mai Metropolitan Aurie haes a population o nearly ane million fowk, mair than hauf the total o Chiang Mai Province.
The ceety is subdividit intae fower wairds (khwaeng): Nakhon Ping, Srivijaya, Mengrai, an Kawila. The first three are on the wast bank o the Ping River, an Kawila is locatit on the east bank. Nakhon Ping destrict comprises the north side o the ceety. Srivijaya, Mengrai, an Kawila consists o the wast, sooth, an east respectively. The ceety center—athin the ceety walls—is maistly wi Srivijaya ward.