Cárdenas (Calle Calzada Cárdenas) is a municipality an ceety in the Matanzas Province o Cuba, aboot 175 km (109 mi) east o Havana.

Ceety o Cárdenas

(Calle Calzada)
Street in Cárdenas
Street in Cárdenas
Motto(s): 
Primus In Cuba
Cárdenas, Cuba is locatit in Cuba
Cárdenas, Cuba
Location o Cárdenas in Cuba
Coordinates: 23°02′34″N 81°12′13″W / 23.04278°N 81.20361°W / 23.04278; -81.20361
Kintra Cuba
ProvinceMatanzas-MTZ
Foondit1828[1]
Established1859
Area
 • Total566 km2 (219 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2007)[3]
 • Tot153,087
 • Density182.1/km2 (472/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-6 (EST)
Aurie code(s)+53 45 + number dial

GeographyEedit

Cárdenas is a maritime port toun on the level an somewha mairshy shore o a spacious bay o the northren coast o the island (Bay o Cárdenas), sheltered bi a lang promontory (Hicacos peninsula). The ceety lees atween the sea an hills.

A lairge quantity o asphalt haes been taken frae the bed o the harbour. A flow o fresh watter frae the bed o the harbour is anither peculiar featur; it presumably comes frae the ootlets o subterranean rivers.

Thare are maistly narrae streets, various squares (includin the Plaza de Colón, wi a bronze statue o Columbus gien tae the ceety bi Queen Isabella II. an erectit in 1862) an substantial business biggins.[4]

The municipality is dividit intae the barrios o Cantel, Fundición, Guásimas, Marina, Méndez Capote, Pueblo Nuevo an Versalles.[1]

HistoryEedit

Cárdenas wis foondit in 1828,[1] an in 1861 awready haed 12,910 indwallers. The completion o the railwey in 1841 led tae further development.

In 1850 General Narciso López laundit here on a filibusterin expedeetion, an held the toun for a few oors, abandonin it when he saw that the fowk wad no rise tae support him in his efforts tae secur Cuban unthirldom.

In Mey 1898, durin the Spaingie–American War, three notable battles wur focht at Cardenas.

In the early 20t Century, Cárdenas wis ane o the main succar-exportin touns o Cuba. Bi 1907 the population wis 24,280. The shallowness o the harbour necessitatit lichterage an repeatit loadin o cargoes. The surroondin region is fermit for its fertility. The Cuban Banner wis first raised ower Cuban soil in this ance picturesque an historic ceety o straicht an narrae streets, horse-drawn carriages, industrie an "cangrejos" (blue crabs).

Cárdenas is the hame o Elián González, a bairn uised in a poleetical dispute atween Cuba an the Unitit States.

DemograficsEedit

In 2007, the municipality o Cárdenas haed a population o 103,087.[3] Wi a tot auie o 566 km2 (219 sq mi),[2] it haes a population densitie o 182.1/km2 (472/sq mi). Cardenas experiences a population growthe o 0.24% a year.

ReferencesEedit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Guije.com. "Cárdenas". Retrieved 2007-10-07. (in Spaingie)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Statoids (2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-07. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Atenas.cu (2004). "2007 Population trends, by Province and Municipality". Archived frae the oreeginal on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-07. (in Spaingie)
  4. Cardenas Ciudad Bandera (Spanish)

Freemit airtinsEedit