Baikonur (Kazakh: [Байқоңыр, Bayqoñır ] error: {{lang}}: text haes italic markup (help); [Байконур, Baykonur] error: {{lang-xx}}: text haes italic markup (help)), umwhile kent as Leninsk, is a ceety in Kazakhstan, rentit an admeenistered bi the Roushie Federation. It wis constructit tae service the Baikonur Cosmodrome an wis offeecially renamit Baikonur bi Roushie preses Boris Yeltsin on December 20, 1995.


Offeecial seal o Baikonur
Baikonur is locatit in Kazakhstan
Location in Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 45°37′0″N 63°19′0″E / 45.61667°N 63.31667°E / 45.61667; 63.31667
Roushie - rentit an admeenistrated
Incorporatit (ceety)1966
 • Total57 km2 (22 sq mi)
100 m (300 ft)
 • Tot70,000
Time zoneUTC+6 (UTC+6)
Aurie code(s)+7 73622

The shape o the aurie rentit is an ellipse, measurin 90 kilometres east tae wast, bi 85 kilometres north tae sooth, wi the cosmodrome at the centre.

The oreeginal Baikonur (Kazakh for "wealthy brown", i.e. "fertile land wi mony herbs") is a mining toun a few hunder kilometres northeast, near Dzhezkazgan in Kazakhstan's Karagandy Province. Stairtin wi Vostok 1 in Aprile 1961, the launch steid wis gien this name tae cause confusion an keep the location secret. (The oreeginal Baikonur's residents teuk advantage o the confusion bi orderin an receivin much scarce materials afore govrenment offeecials discovered the deception.)[1]:284 The new Baikonur's railwey station predates the base an retains the auld name o Tyuratam.

The fortunes o the ceety hae varied accordin tae those o the Soviet/Roushie space program an its Baikonur Cosmodrome.

The Soviet govrenment established the Nauchno-Issledovatel'skii Ispytatel'nyi Poligon N.5 (NIIIP-5), or Scienteefic-Research Test Range N.5 bi its decree o 12 Februar 1955. The U-2 heich-altitude reconnaissance plane foond an photographed for the first time the Tyuratam missile test range (cosmodrome Baikonur) on 5 August 1957. See richt for a composite satellite image o the early Tyuratam launch complex, the cosmodrome (30 Mey 1962).

See an awEedit


  1. Siddiqi, Asif A. Challenge To Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945-1974. NASA.

Freemit airtinsEedit

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