2004 Indian Ocean yirdquauk an tsunami

The 2004 Indian Ocean yirdquauk an tsunami (an aw kent as the Boxing Day Tsunami an, bi the scienteefic community, the Sumatra–Andaman yirdquauk) occurred at 07:58:53 in local time (UTC+7) on 26 December, wi an epicentre off the wast coast o northren Sumatra, Indonesia. It wis an undersea megathrust yirdquauk that registered a magnitude o 9.1–9.3 Mw, reachin a Mercalli intensity up tae IX in certaint auries. The yirdquauk wis caused bi a rupture alang the fault atween the Burma Plate an the Indian Plate.

2004 Indian Ocean yirdquauk
US Navy 050102-N-9593M-040 A village near the coast of Sumatra lays in ruin after the Tsunami that struck South East Asia.jpg
Aceh in Indonesie, the maist devastated region struck bi tsunami
Date26 December 2004 (2004-12-26)[1]
Oreegin time00:58 UTC
Magnitude9.1 Mw[1]
Depth30 km (19 mi)[1]
Epicentre3°18′58″N 95°51′14″E / 3.316°N 95.854°E / 3.316; 95.854Coordinates: 3°18′58″N 95°51′14″E / 3.316°N 95.854°E / 3.316; 95.854[1]
TeepMegathrust
Auries affectitIndonesie (mainly in Aceh)
Sri Lanka
Indie (maistly in Tamil Nadu)
Thailand
Maldives
Somalie
TsunamiYes
CasualtiesAt least 228,000 tae 230,000 dead an mair missin[2][3][4][5]

A series o massive tsunami waves grew up tae 30 m (100 ft) heich ance heidin inland, efter bein creatit bi the underwater seismic activity offshore. Communities alang the surroondin coasts o the Indian Ocean war severely affected, an the tsunamis killed an estimatit 227,898 fowk in 14 countries, makin it ane o the deadliest naitural disasters in recorded history. The direct results caused major disruptions tae livin conditions an commerce in coastal provinces o surroondit countries, includin Aceh, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Tamil Nadu, Indie an Khao Lak, Thailand. Banda Aceh reportit the lairgest nummer o daiths.

The yirdquauk wis the third-lairgest ever recorded an haed the langest duration o faulting ever observed; atween aicht an ten minutes. It caused the planet tae vibrate as much as 10 mm (0.4 in), an an aw remotely triggered earthquakes as far away as Alaska. Its epicentre wis atween Simeulue an mainland Sumatra. The plight o the affected fowk an countries prompted a warldwide humanitarian response, wi donations totalling mair nor US$14 billion.

ReferencesEedit

  1. a b c d "Magnitude 9.1 – OFF THE WEST COAST OF NORTHERN SUMATRA". U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
  2. If the daith toll in Myanmar wis 400–600 as claimed bi dissident groups there, rather than just 61 or 90, mair nor 230,000 fowk would hae perished in tot frae the tsunami.
  3. Earthquakes with 50,000 or More Deaths
  4. "Indonesia quake toll jumps again". BBC News. 25 Januar 2005. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
  5. Indian Ocean tsunami anniversary: Memorial events held 26 December 2014, BBC News