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The Maldives (/ˈmɒldaɪvz/ ( listen) or /ˈmɒldiːvz/), (Dhivehi: ދިވެހިރާއްޖެ , Dhivehi Raa'je), offeecially Republic o Maldives, is an island naition in the Indian Ocean formed bi a double chain o twintie-sax atolls stretchin in a north-sooth direction aff Indie's Lakshadweep islands, atween Minicoy Island an Chagos Archipelago. It staunds in the Laccadive Sea, aboot seiven hunder kilometres (435 mi) sooth-wast o Sri Lanka an (250 mi) sooth-wast o Indie.

Republic o Maldives
ދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގެ ޖުމްހޫރިއްޔާ (Dhivehi)
Dhivehi Raa'jeyge Jumhooriyya
Banner o Maldives
Anthem: Qaumii salaam
Naitional Salute
Location o Maldives in the Indian Ocean
Location o Maldives in the Indian Ocean
Location o Maldives
and largest city
Offeecial leids Maldivian (Dhivehi)
Ethnic groups (2011) ≈100% Maldiviansa[1][2][3]
Releegion 98.4% Islam
Demonym Maldivian
Govrenment Unitar presidential constitutional republic
• Preses
Abdulla Yameen
Abdulla Jihad[4]
• Speaker
Abdulla Maseeh Mohamed[5]
Abdullah Saeed[6]
Legislatur People's Majlis
• frae the Unitit Kinrick
26 Julie 1965
7 August 2008
• Total
298[7] km2 (115 sq mi) (187t)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
427,756[8] (175t)
• 2014 census
• Density
1,102.5/km2 (2,855.5/sq mi) (11t)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$5.853 billion[10] (162nd)
• Per capita
$16,275[10] (69t)
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Tot
$3.578 billion[10]
• Per capita
Gini (2005–2013) 37.4[11]
HDI (2014) Increase 0.706[12]
heich · 103rd
Currency Maldivian rufiyaa (MVR)
Time zone UTC+5 (Maldives Time)
Date format dd/mm/yy
Drivin side caur
Cawin code +960
ISO 3166 code MV
Internet TLD .mv
  1. Excludin foreign naitionals.

This chain o islands is the centrally locatit archipelago amang the Lakshadweep-Maldives-Chagos group o islands, which are in reality the tops o a vast unnersea submarine muntain range, in the Indian Ocean an the Arabian Sea.[13] The atolls o the Maldives encompass a territory spread ower roughly 90,000 square kilometres, makin it ane o the maist dispersed kintras in the warld in geographic terms. It features 1,192 islets, o which twa hunder are inhabitit.[14] The Republic o Maldives's caipital an lairgest ceety is Malé, wi a population o 103,693 (2006). It is locatit at the soothren edge o North Malé Atoll, in the Kaafu Atoll. It is an aa ane o the Administrative diveesions o the Maldives. Tradeetionally it wis the Keeng's Island, frae whaur the auncient Maldive Royal dynasties ruled an whaur the palace wis locatit.

The Maldives are the smawest Asian kintra in baith population an land aurie. Wi an average grund level o 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) abuin sea level, it is the lawest kintra on the planet.[15] It is an aa the kintra wi the lawest heichest point in the warld, at .3 metres (7 ft 7 in).[15]


  1. Levinson, David (1947). Ethnic groups worldwide: a ready reference handbook. Oryx Publishers. ISBN 978-1-57356-019-1. 
  2. Maloney, Clarence. "Maldives People". International Institute for Asian Studies. Retrieved 22 June 2008. 
  3. "Maldives Enthongraphy". Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2010. 
  4. "The President's Office – His Excellency Abdulla Jihad sworn in as Vice President". Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  5. "Eighteenth People's Majlis elects Speaker and Deputy Speaker". People's Majlis. 28 May 2014. Archived from the original on 9 July 2014. 
  6. "Supreme Court of the Maldives". 
  7. "FIELD LISTING :: AREA". CIA World Factbook. CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 27 January 2016. 
  8. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  9. "GeoHive – Maldives Population". GeoHive. Archived frae the oreeginal on 25 February 2015. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 "Maldives". International Monetary Fund. 
  11. "2015 Human Development Report Statistical Annex" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. p. 17. Retrieved 14 December 2015. 
  12. "2015 Human Development Report Statistical Annex" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. p. 13. Retrieved 14 December 2015. 
  14. "Lets learn more about Maldives Island". Retrieved 2010-06-30. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 Henley, Jon (11 November 2008). "The last days of paradise". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 12 May 2010.