Wars o Scots Unthirldom

The Scots wars o Unthirldom wis wars focht atween the Kinrick o Scotland an the Kinrick o Ingland ower the unthirldom o Scotland in the late 13t an early 14t centuries.[1] There wis twa wars: the first fae 1296 til 1328 (that wis by wi the Treaty o Embra) an the saicont fae 1332 til 1357(that wis by wi the Treaty o Berwick).[2]

First war eedit

The First War (1296–1328) wis precedit bi the regence o Scotland whan the bairn queen, Margaret o Norrowa, dee'd on her wey tae Scotland. There wis three pretenders fur the throne efter her daith an it wis ane o thaim, John Balliol, that got the throne but Edward o Ingland saw Scotland as his. It stairtit wi the Inglis invasion o Scotland in 1296, an endit wi the signin o the Treaty o Edinburgh-Northampton in 1328.[3]

William Wallace wis a important feegur in the first war, winnin important battles, lik the Battle o Stirlin Brig. Wallace wis begowkit fae the Earl o Monteith an Edward o Ingland haed Wallace beheidit fur his participation in the rebellion.[4] Edward propined Monteith wi land, the loch on it's the anerly the 'lake' in Scotland;t he ithers is cried lochs.

Later, it wis Robert the Bruce that led the unthirldom airmies, winnin at the Battle o Bannockburn in 1314.[5] The peace treaty wisnae signed til fowerteen year later tho.

Saicont war eedit

The Seicont War (1332–1357) began wi the Inglis-supportit invasion bi Edward Balliol an the "Disinheritit" in 1332, an endit in 1357 wi the signin o the Treaty o Berwick.[6] The wars wis pairt o a great naitional crisis for Scotland an the period became ane o the maist definin times in the naition's history. At the end o baith wars, Scotland retained its status as an independent naition. The wars wis important for ither raisons, lik the emergence o the langbow as a key wappen in medieval warfare.

References eedit

  1. "The Anglo-Scottish Wars (or Wars of Scottish Independence)". Historic UK (in Inglis). Retrieved 16 November 2022.
  2. "BBC - Scotland's History - The Wars of Independence". www.bbc.co.uk (in Inglis). Retrieved 16 November 2022.
  3. "Wars of Independence - The Edinburgh-Northampton Treaty, 1328". www.scottisharchivesforschools.org. Retrieved 16 November 2022.
  4. "The Battlefields Hub → Medieval → The Battle of Battle of Stirling Bridge". www.battlefieldstrust.com. Retrieved 16 November 2022.
  5. "Bannockburn". National Trust for Scotland (in Inglis). Retrieved 16 November 2022.
  6. "The Treaty of Berwick was signed - On this day in Scottish history". History Scotland. 3 October 2022. Retrieved 16 November 2022.